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Programming language: Go
Latest version: v0.11.0

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README

English | [中文](README-ZH.md)

Cassowary is a modern HTTP/S, intuitive & cross-platform load testing tool built in Go for developers, testers and sysadmins. Cassowary draws inspiration from awesome projects like k6, ab & httpstat.


Toc

Features

  • 2 Load Testing modes: one standard and one spread mode where URL Paths can be specified from a file (ideal if you want to hit several underlying microservices)
  • CI Friendly: Well-suited to be part of a CI pipeline step
  • Flexible metrics: Cloudwatch metrics, Prometheus metrics (pushing metrics to Prometheus PushGateway), JSON file
  • Configurable: Able to pass in arbitrary HTTP headers, able to configure the HTTP client
  • Supports GET, POST & PUT - POST and PUT data can be defined in a file
  • Cross Platform: One single pre-built binary for Linux, Mac OSX and Windows
  • Importable - Besides the CLI tool cassowary can be imported as a module in your Go app

Installation

Grab a pre-built binary from the GitHub Releases page. You can optionally put the cassowary binary in your PATH so you can run cassowary from any location. Alternative you can:

Homebrew on Mac OSX

You can install cassowary using the Homebrew package manager on Mac:

$ brew update && brew install cassowary

Nix/NixOS

Cassowary can be installed via the Nix package manager.

nix-env -iA cassowary

CentOS/RHEL (RPM)

If you want to roll out your own RPM you can use the spec file cassowary.spec to build an RPM package

Running Cassowary

Regular Load Test

Example running cassowary against www.example.com with 100 requests spread out over 10 concurrent users:

$ ./cassowary run -u http://www.example.com -c 10 -n 100

Starting Load Test with 100 requests using 10 concurrent users

 100% |████████████████████████████████████████| [1s:0s]            1.256773616s


 TCP Connect.....................: Avg/mean=101.90ms    Median=102.00ms p(95)=105ms
 Server Processing...............: Avg/mean=100.18ms    Median=100.50ms p(95)=103ms
 Content Transfer................: Avg/mean=0.01ms  Median=0.00ms   p(95)=0ms

Summary:
 Total Req.......................: 100
 Failed Req......................: 0
 DNS Lookup......................: 115.00ms
 Req/s...........................: 79.57

File Slurp Mode

Example running cassowary in file slurp mode where all URL paths are specified from an external file (which can also be fetched from http if specified). By default cassowary will, without the -n flag specified, make one request per path specified in the file. However with the -n flag you can also specify how many request you want cassowary to generate against those URL paths. Example:

$ ./cassowary run -u http://localhost:8000 -c 1 -f urlpath.txt

# NOTE: from v0.10.0 and below file slurp mode had it's own command
# $ ./cassowary run-file -u http://localhost:8000 -c 1 -f urlpath.txt

Starting Load Test with 5 requests using 1 concurrent users

[ omitted ]


$ ./cassowary run -u http://localhost:8000 -c 10 -n 100 -f urlpath.txt

Starting Load Test with 100 requests using 10 concurrent users

 100% |████████████████████████████████████████| [0s:0s]            599.467161ms


 TCP Connect.....................: Avg/mean=1.80ms  Median=2.00ms   p(95)=3ms
 Server Processing...............: Avg/mean=0.90ms  Median=0.00ms   p(95)=3ms
 Content Transfer................: Avg/mean=0.00ms  Median=0.00ms   p(95)=0ms

Summary:
 Total Req.......................: 3925
 Failed Req......................: 0
 DNS Lookup......................: 2.00ms
 Req/s...........................: 6547.48

Exporting Metrics to File

Example exporting cassowary json metrics to a file:

$ ./cassowary run --json-metrics --json-metrics-file=metrics.json -u http://localhost:8000 -c 125 -n 100000

Starting Load Test with 100000 requests using 125 concurrent users

 100% |████████████████████████████████████████| [0s:0s]            984.9862ms


 TCP Connect.....................: Avg/mean=-0.18ms     Median=0.00ms   p(95)=1ms
 Server Processing...............: Avg/mean=0.16ms      Median=0.00ms   p(95)=1ms
 Content Transfer................: Avg/mean=0.01ms      Median=0.00ms   p(95)=0ms

Summary:
 Total Req.......................: 100000
 Failed Req......................: 0
 DNS Lookup......................: 2.00ms
 Req/s...........................: 101524.27

If json-metrics-file flag is missing then the default filename is out.json.

Exporting Metrics to Prometheus

Example exporting cassowary metrics to Prometheus by supplying an Prometheus PushGatway URL:

$ ./cassowary run -u http://localhost:8000 -c 125 -n 100000 -p http://pushgatway:9091

Starting Load Test with 100000 requests using 125 concurrent users

[ omitted for brevity ]

Exporting Metrics to Cloudwatch

Cassowary can export metrics to AWS Cloudwatch just by adding the --cloudwatch flag without a value. Take note that you will need to tell Cassoway which AWS Region you want to use. The easiest way is using an environment variable as shown below:

$ export AWS_REGION=eu-north-1 && ./cassowary run -u http://localhost:8000 -c 125 -n 100000 --cloudwatch

Starting Load Test with 100000 requests using 125 concurrent users

[ omitted for brevity ]

Load Test with POST Data

Example hitting a POST endpoint where POST json data is defined in a file:

$ ./cassowary run -u http://localhost:8000/add-user -c 10 -n 1000 --postfile user.json

Starting Load Test with 1000 requests using 10 concurrent users

[ omitted for brevity ]

Load Test with PATCH Data

Example hitting a PATCH endpoint where PATCH json data is defined in a file:

$ ./cassowary run -u http://localhost:8000/add-user -c 5 -n 200 --patchfile user.json

Starting Load Test with 200 requests using 5 concurrent users

[ omitted for brevity ]

Specifying a Duration for the Load Test

Example specifying a duration for your load test, in the command below we specify that we want send 100 requests over a duration of 30 seconds:

$ ./cassowary run -u http://localhost:8000 -n 100 -d 30

Starting Load Test with 100 requests using 1 concurrent users

[ omitted for brevity ]

Adding HTTP Headers

Example adding an HTTP header when running cassowary

$ ./cassowary run -u http://localhost:8000 -c 10 -n 1000 -H 'Host: www.example.com'

Starting Load Test with 1000 requests using 10 concurrent users

[ omitted for brevity ]

Disabling HTTP keep-alive

Example disabling http keep-alive (by default keep-alive are enabled):

$ ./cassowary run -u http://localhost:8000 -c 10 -n 1000 --disable-keep-alive

Starting Load Test with 1000 requests using 10 concurrent users

[ omitted for brevity ]

Specifying ca certificate

Example specifying ca certificate

$ ./cassowary run -u http://localhost:8000 -c 10 -n 1000 --ca /path/to/ca.pem

Starting Load Test with 1000 requests using 10 concurrent users

[ omitted for brevity ]

x509 Authentication

Example specifying client authentication for mTLS

$ ./cassowary run -u https://localhost:8443 -c 10 -n 1000 --cert /path/to/client.pem --key /path/to/client-key.pem --ca /path/to/ca.pem

Starting Load Test with 1000 requests using 10 concurrent users

[ omitted for brevity ]

Importing cassowary as a module/library

Cassowary can be imported and used as a module in your Go app. Start by fetching the dependency by using go mod:

$ go mod init test && go get github.com/rogerwelin/cassowary/pkg/client

And below show a simple example on how to trigger a load test from your code and printing the results:

package main

import (
        "encoding/json"
    "fmt"

    "github.com/rogerwelin/cassowary/pkg/client"
)

func main() {
    cass := &client.Cassowary{
        BaseURL:               "http://www.example.com",
        ConcurrencyLevel:      1,
        Requests:              10,
        DisableTerminalOutput: true,
    }
    metrics, err := cass.Coordinate()
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }

        // print results
    fmt.Printf("%+v\n", metrics)

        // or print as json
    jsonMetrics, err := json.Marshal(metrics)
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }

    fmt.Println(string(jsonMetrics))
}

More library examples [can be found here](docs/LIBRARY.md)

Versioning

Cassowary follows semantic versioning. The public library (pkg/client) may break backwards compatibility until it hits a stable v1.0.0 release.

Contributing

Contributions are welcome! To request a feature create a new issue with the label feature-request. Find a bug? Please add an issue with the label bugs. Pull requests are also welcomed but please add an issue on the requested feature first (unless it's a simple bug fix or readme change)


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the cassowary README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.