Programming language: Go
License: GNU General Public License v3.0 or later
Tags: Database    
Latest version: v2.6.0

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(Now compatible with MySQL and PostgreSQL!)

Everyone knows that performing simple DATABASE queries in Go takes numerous lines of code that is often repetitive. If you want to avoid the cruft, you have two options: A heavy-duty ORM that is not up to the standard of Laraval or Django. Or DBQ!

⚠️ WARNING: You will seriously reduce your database code to a few lines

the project to show your appreciation.

What is included

  • Supports ANY type of query
  • MySQL and PostgreSQL compatible
  • Convenient and Developer Friendly
  • Accepts any type of slice for query args
  • Flattens query arg slices to individual values
  • Bulk Insert seamlessly
  • Automatically unmarshal query results directly to a struct using mapstructure package
  • Lightweight
  • Compatible with mysql-go for proper MySQL query cancelation
  • Automatically retry query with exponential backoff if operation fails
  • Transaction management (automatic rollback)


NOTE: For mysql driver, parseTime=true setting can interfere with unmarshaling to civil.* types.


go get -u github.com/rocketlaunchr/dbq/v2


Let's assume a table called users:

id name age created_at
1 Sally 12 2019-03-01
2 Peter 15 2019-02-01
3 Tom 18 2019-01-01


Q ordinarily returns []map[string]interface{} results, but you can automatically unmarshal to a struct. You will need to type assert the results.

type user struct {
  ID        int       `dbq:"id"`
  Name      string    `dbq:"name"`
  Age       int       `dbq:"age"`
  CreatedAt time.Time `dbq:"created_at"`

opts := &dbq.Options{ConcreteStruct: user{}, DecoderConfig:x}

results, err := dbq.Q(ctx, db, "SELECT * FROM users", opts)
results, err := dbq.Qs(ctx, db, "SELECT * FROM users", user{}, nil)


([]*main.user) (len=6 cap=8) {
  ID: (int) 1,
  Name: (string) (len=5) "Sally",
  Age: (int) 12,
  CreatedAt: (time.Time) 2019-03-01 00:00:00 +0000 UTC
  ID: (int) 2,
  Name: (string) (len=5) "Peter",
  Age: (int) 15,
  CreatedAt: (time.Time) 2019-02-01 00:00:00 +0000 UTC
  ID: (int) 3,
  Name: (string) (len=3) "Tom",
  Age: (int) 18,
  CreatedAt: (time.Time) 2019-01-01 00:00:00 +0000 UTC

Query Single Row

If you know that the query will return at maximum 1 row:

result := dbq.MustQ(ctx, db, "SELECT * FROM users LIMIT 1", dbq.SingleResult)
if result == nil {
  // no result
} else {

Bulk Insert

You can insert multiple rows at once.

db, _ := sql.Open("mysql", "user:password@tcp(localhost:3306)/db")

type Row struct {
  Name      string
  Age       int
  CreatedAt time.Time

users := []interface{}{
  dbq.Struct(Row{"Brad", 45, time.Now()}),
  dbq.Struct(Row{"Ange", 36, time.Now()}),
  dbq.Struct(Row{"Emily", 22, time.Now()}),

stmt := dbq.INSERTStmt("users", []string{"name", "age", "created_at"}, len(users))

dbq.E(ctx, db, stmt, nil, users)

Flatten Query Args

All slices are flattened automatically.

args1 := []string{"A", "B", "C"}
args2 := []interface{}{2, "D"}
args3 := dbq.Struct(Row{"Brad Pitt", 45, time.Now()})

results := dbq.MustQ(ctx, db, stmt, args1, args2, args3)

// Placeholder arguments will get flattened to:
results := dbq.MustQ(ctx, db, stmt, "A", "B", "C", 2, "D", "Brad Pitt", 45, time.Now())

NOTE: FlattenArgs function can be used more generally.

MySQL cancelation

To properly cancel a MySQL query, you need to use the mysql-go package. dbq plays nicely with it.

import sql "github.com/rocketlaunchr/mysql-go"

pool, _ := sql.Open("user:password@tcp(localhost:3306)/db")

conn, err := pool.Conn(ctx)

opts := &dbq.Options{
  SingleResult: true,
  PostFetch: func(ctx context.Context) error {
    return conn.Close()

result := dbq.MustQ(ctx, conn, "SELECT * FROM users LIMIT 1", opts)
if result == nil {
  // no result
} else {


After fetching the results, you can further modify the results by implementing the PostUnmarshaler interface. The PostUnmarshal function must be attached to the pointer of the struct.

type user struct {
  ID        int       `dbq:"id"`
  Name      string    `dbq:"name"`
  Age       int       `dbq:"age"`
  CreatedAt time.Time `dbq:"created_at"`
  HashedID  string    `dbq:"-"`          // Obfuscate ID

func (u *user) PostUnmarshal(ctx context.Context, row, total int) error {
  u.HashedID = obfuscate(u.ID)
  return nil


The ScanFaster interface eradicates the use of the reflect package when unmarshaling. If you don't need to perform fancy time conversions or interpret weakly typed data, then it is more performant.

type user struct {
  ID       int    `dbq:"id"`
  Name     string `dbq:"name"`

func (u *user) ScanFast() []interface{} {
  return []interface{}{&u.ID, &u.Name}

Retry with Exponential Backoff

If the database operation fails, you can automatically retry with exponentially increasing intervals between each retry attempt. You can also set the maximum number of retries.

opts := &dbq.Options{
  RetryPolicy:  dbq.ExponentialRetryPolicy(60 * time.Second, 3),

Transaction Management

You can conveniently perform numerous complex database operations within a transaction without having to worry about rolling back. Unless you explicitly commit, it will automatically rollback.

You have access to the Q and E function as well as the underlying tx for performance purposes.

ctx := context.Background()
pool, _ := sql.Open("mysql", "user:password@tcp(localhost:3306)/db")

dbq.Tx(ctx, pool, func(tx interface{}, Q dbq.QFn, E dbq.EFn, txCommit dbq.TxCommit) {

  stmt := dbq.INSERTStmt("table", []string{"name", "age", "created_at"}, 1)
  res, err := E(ctx, stmt, nil, "test name", 34, time.Now())
  if err != nil {
    return // Automatic rollback
  txCommit() // Commit

Custom Queries

The v2/x subpackage will house functions to perform custom SQL queries. If they are general to both MySQL and PostgreSQL, they are inside the x subpackage. If they are specific to MySQL xor PostgreSQL, they are in the x/mysql xor x/pg subpackage respectively.

This is your package too!

If you want your own custom functions included, just submit a PR and place it in your own directory inside v2/x. As long as it compiles and is well documented it is welcome.

Bulk Update

As a warmup, I have included a Bulk Update function that works with MySQL and PostgreSQL. It allows you to update thousands of rows in 1 query without a transaction!

Difference between v1 and v2

When a ConcreteStruct is provided, in v1, the Q and MustQ functions return []interface{} while in v2 they return []*struct.

NOTE: v1 is obsolete and will no longer receive updates.

Other useful packages

  • dataframe-go - Statistics and data manipulation
  • electron-alert - SweetAlert2 for Electron Applications
  • igo - A Go transpiler with cool new syntax such as fordefer (defer for for-loops)
  • mysql-go - Properly cancel slow MySQL queries
  • react - Build front end applications using Go
  • remember-go - Cache slow database queries

Legal Information

The license is a modified MIT license. Refer to the LICENSE file for more details.

© 2019-20 PJ Engineering and Business Solutions Pty. Ltd.

Final Notes

Feel free to enhance features by issuing pull-requests. Note that the project is written in igo and transpiled into Go.

*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the dbq README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.