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Programming language: Go
License: Apache License 2.0
Latest version: v2.2.0

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README

Easegress

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What is Easegress

Easegress is a Cloud Native traffic orchestration system designed for:

  • High Availability: Built-in Raft consensus & leader election provides 99.99% availability.
  • Traffic Orchestration: Simple orchestration of various filters for each traffic pipeline.
  • High Performance: Lightweight and essential features speed up the performance.
  • Observability: There are many meaningful statistics periodically in a readable way.
  • Extensibility: It's easy to develop your own filter or controller with high-level programming language.
  • Integration: The simple interfaces make it easy to integrate with other systems, such as Kubernetes Ingress, EaseMesh sidecar, Workflow, etc.

The architecture of Easegress:

[architecture](./doc/imgs/architecture.png)

Features

  • Service Management
    • Multiple protocols:
    • HTTP/1.1
    • HTTP/2
    • HTTP/3(QUIC)
    • MQTT
    • Rich Routing Rules: exact path, path prefix, regular expression of the path, method, headers, clientIPs.
    • Resilience&Fault Tolerance
    • CircuitBreaker: temporarily blocks possible failures.
    • RateLimiter: limits the rate of incoming requests.
    • Retry: repeats failed executions.
    • TimeLimiter: limits the duration of execution.
    • Deployment Management
    • Blue-green Strategy: switches traffic at one time.
    • Canary Strategy: schedules traffic slightly.
    • API Management
    • API Aggregation: aggregates results of multiple APIs.
    • API Orchestration: orchestrates the flow of APIs.
    • Security
    • IP Filter: Limits access to IP addresses.
    • Static HTTPS: static certificate files.
    • API Signature: supports HMAC verification.
    • JWT Verification: verifies JWT Token.
    • OAuth2: validates OAuth/2 requests.
    • Let's Encrypt: automatically manage certificate files.
    • Pipeline-Filter Mechanism
    • Filter Management: makes it easy to develop new filters.
    • Service Mesh
    • Mesh Master: is the control plane to manage the lifecycle of mesh services.
    • Mesh Sidecar: is the data plane as the endpoint to do traffic interception and routing.
    • Mesh Ingress Controller: is the mesh-specific ingress controller to route external traffic to mesh services. > Notes: This feature is leveraged by EaseMesh
    • Third-Part Integration
    • FaaS integrates with the serverless platform Knative.
    • Service Discovery integrates with Eureka, Consul, Etcd, and Zookeeper.
    • Ingress Controller integrates with Kubernetes as an ingress controller.
  • Extensibility
    • WebAssembly executes user developed WebAssembly code.
  • High Performance and Availability
    • Adaption: adapts request, response in the handling chain.
    • Validation: headers validation, OAuth2, JWT, and HMAC verification.
    • Load Balance: round-robin, random, weighted random, IP hash, header hash and support sticky sessions.
    • Cache: for the backend servers.
    • Compression: compresses body for the response.
    • Hot-Update: updates both config and binary of Easegress in place without losing connections.
  • Operation
    • Easy to Integrate: command line(egctl), MegaEase Portal, HTTP clients such as curl, postman, etc.
    • Distributed Tracing
    • Built-in Open Zipkin
    • Open Tracing for vendor-neutral APIs
    • Observability
    • Node: role(primary, secondary), raft leader status, healthy or not, last heartbeat time, and so on
    • Traffic: in multi-dimension: server and backend.
      • Throughput: total and error statistics of request count, TPS/m1, m5, m15, and error percent, etc.
      • Latency: p25, p50, p75, p95, p98, p99, p999.
      • Data Size: request and response size.
      • Status Codes: HTTP status codes.
      • TopN: sorted by aggregated APIs(only in server dimension).

Use Cases

The following examples show how to use Easegress for different scenarios.

  • [API Aggregation](./doc/cookbook/api-aggregation.md) - Aggregating many APIs into a single API.
  • [Cluster Deployment](./doc/cookbook/multi-node-cluster.md) - How to deploy multiple Easegress cluster nodes.
  • [Distributed Tracing](./doc/cookbook/distributed-tracing.md) - How to do APM tracing - Zipkin.
  • [FaaS](./doc/cookbook/faas.md) - Supporting Knative FaaS integration
  • [Flash Sale](./doc/cookbook/flash-sale.md) - How to do high concurrent promotion sales with Easegress
  • [Kubernetes Ingress Controller](./doc/cookbook/k8s-ingress-controller.md) - How to integrate with Kubernetes as ingress controller
  • [LoadBalancer](./doc/cookbook/load-balancer.md) - A number of the strategies of load balancing
  • [MQTTProxy](./doc/cookbook/mqtt-proxy.md) - An Example to MQTT proxy with Kafka backend.
  • [Performance](./doc/cookbook/performance.md) - Performance optimization - compression, caching etc.
  • [Pipeline](./doc/cookbook/pipeline.md) - How to orchestrate HTTP filters for requests/responses handling
  • [Resilience and Fault Tolerance](./doc/cookbook/resilience.md) - CircuitBreaker, RateLimiter, Retry, TimeLimiter, etc. (Porting from Java resilience4j)
  • [Security](./doc/cookbook/security.md) - How to do authentication by Header, JWT, HMAC, OAuth2, etc.
  • [Service Proxy](./doc/cookbook/service-proxy.md) - Supporting the Microservice registries - Zookeeper, Eureka, Consul, Nacos, etc.
  • [WebAssembly](./doc/cookbook/wasm.md) - Using AssemblyScript to extend the Easegress
  • [WebSocket](./doc/cookbook/websocket.md) - WebSocket proxy for Easegress
  • [Workflow](./doc/cookbook/workflow.md) - An Example to make a workflow for a number of APIs.

For full list, see [Cookbook](./doc/README.md#1-cookbook--how-to-guide).

Getting Started

The basic usage of Easegress is to quickly set up a proxy for the backend servers. In this section, we will first set up a reverse proxy, and then demonstrate the API orchestration feature by including more components in the configuration, we will also show the essential concepts and operations of Easegress.

Setting up Easegress

We can download the latest or history binaries from the release page. The following shell script will:

  • Download and extract the latest binaries to ./easegress folder
  • Install the Easegress Systemd service.
/bin/bash -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/megaease/easegress/main/scripts/install.sh)"

or we can install Easegress from source code:

git clone https://github.com/megaease/easegress && cd easegress
make

Note:

  • This repo requires Go 1.18+ compiler for the build.
  • If you need the WebAssembly feature, please run make wasm.

Then we can add the binary directory to the PATH and execute the server:

$ export PATH=${PATH}:$(pwd)/bin/
$ easegress-server
2022-07-04T13:47:36.579+08:00   INFO    cluster/config.go:106   etcd config: advertise-client-urls: [{Scheme:http Opaque: User: Host:localhost:2379 Path: RawPath: ForceQuery:false RawQuery: Fragment: RawFragment:}] advertise-peer-urls: [{Scheme:http Opaque: User: Host:localhost:2380 Path: RawPath: ForceQuery:false RawQuery: Fragment: RawFragment:}] init-cluster: eg-default-name=http://localhost:2380 cluster-state: new force-new-cluster: false
2022-07-04T13:47:37.516+08:00   INFO    cluster/cluster.go:332  client connect with endpoints: [http://localhost:2380]
2022-07-04T13:47:37.521+08:00   INFO    cluster/cluster.go:346  client is ready
2022-07-04T13:47:37.529+08:00   INFO    cluster/cluster.go:638  server is ready
2022-07-04T13:47:37.534+08:00   INFO    cluster/cluster.go:498  lease is ready (grant new one: b6a81c7bffb1a07)
2022-07-04T13:47:37.534+08:00   INFO    cluster/cluster.go:218  cluster is ready
2022-07-04T13:47:37.541+08:00   INFO    supervisor/supervisor.go:137    create TrafficController
2022-07-04T13:47:37.542+08:00   INFO    supervisor/supervisor.go:137    create RawConfigTrafficController
2022-07-04T13:47:37.544+08:00   INFO    supervisor/supervisor.go:137    create ServiceRegistry
2022-07-04T13:47:37.544+08:00   INFO    supervisor/supervisor.go:137    create StatusSyncController
2022-07-04T13:47:37.544+08:00   INFO    statussynccontroller/statussynccontroller.go:139        StatusUpdateMaxBatchSize is 20
2022-07-04T13:47:37.544+08:00   INFO    cluster/cluster.go:538  session is ready
2022-07-04T13:47:37.545+08:00   INFO    api/api.go:73   register api group admin
2022-07-04T13:47:37.545+08:00   INFO    api/server.go:86        api server running in localhost:2381

The default target of Makefile is to compile two binary into the bin directory. bin/easegress-server is the server-side binary, bin/egctl is the client-side binary. We could add it to the $PATH to simplify the following commands.

We could run easegress-server without specifying any arguments, which launch itself by opening default ports 2379, 2380, and 2381. We can change them in the configuration file or command-line arguments that are explained well in easegress-server --help.

$ egctl member list | grep "cluster-role"
    cluster-role: primary
$ egctl member list | grep "api-addr"
    api-addr: localhost:2381
$ egctl member list | grep "name"
    name: eg-default-name
    cluster-name: eg-cluster-default-name
$ egctl member list | grep "id"
    id: 689e371e88f78b6a

After launching successfully, we could check the status of the one-node cluster. It shows the static options and dynamic status of heartbeat and etcd.

Create an HTTPServer and Pipeline

Now let's create an HTTPServer listening on port 10080 to handle the HTTP traffic.

$ echo '
kind: HTTPServer
name: server-demo
port: 10080
keepAlive: true
https: false
rules:
  - paths:
    - pathPrefix: /pipeline
      backend: pipeline-demo' | egctl object create

The rules above mean it will forward the traffic with the prefix /pipeline to the pipeline-demo pipeline because the pipeline hasn't been created yet, we will get 503 if we curl it now. Next, let's create the pipeline.

$ echo '
name: pipeline-demo
kind: Pipeline
flow:
  - filter: proxy
filters:
  - name: proxy
    kind: Proxy
    pools:
    - servers:
      - url: http://127.0.0.1:9095
      - url: http://127.0.0.1:9096
      - url: http://127.0.0.1:9097
      loadBalance:
        policy: roundRobin' | egctl object create

The pipeline means it will forward traffic to 3 backend endpoints, using the roundRobin load balance policy.

Test

Now you can use an HTTP clients, such as curl, to test the feature:

curl -v http://127.0.0.1:10080/pipeline

If you haven't set up backend services on ports 9095, 9096, and 9097 of the localhost, it returns 503 too. We provide a simple service for this:

$ go run example/backend-service/mirror/mirror.go & # Running in background
$ curl http://127.0.0.1:10080/pipeline -d 'Hello, Easegress'
Your Request
===============
Method: POST
URL   : /pipeline
Header: map[Accept:[*/*] Accept-Encoding:[gzip] Content-Type:[application/x-www-form-urlencoded] User-Agent:[curl/7.64.1]]
Body  : Hello, Easegress

Add Another Pipeline

Now let's add another pipeline, it will get the address of an RSS feed from the request, read the RSS feed, build the article list into a Slack message, and then send it to Slack. But before creating the pipeline, please follow this document to create your own Slack webhook URL and replace the one in the below command with it.

$ echo '
name: rss-pipeline
kind: Pipeline

flow:
- filter: validator
- filter: buildRssRequest
  namespace: rss
- filter: sendRssRequest
  namespace: rss
- filter: decompressResponse
  namespace: rss
- filter: buildSlackRequest
  namespace: slack
- filter: sendSlackRequest
  namespace: slack
- filter: buildResponse

filters:
- name: validator
  kind: Validator
  headers:
    "X-Rss-Url":
       regexp: ^https?://.+$

- name: buildRssRequest
  kind: RequestBuilder
  template: |
    url: /developers/feed2json/convert?url={{index (index .requests.DEFAULT.Header "X-Rss-Url") 0 | urlquery}}

- name: sendRssRequest
  kind: Proxy
  pools:
  - loadBalance:
      policy: roundRobin
    servers:
    - url: https://www.toptal.com
  compression:
    minLength: 4096

- name: buildSlackRequest
  kind: RequestBuilder
  template: |
    method: POST
    url: /services/T0XXXXXXXXX/B0YYYYYYY/ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ   # This the Slack webhook address, please change it to your own.
    body: |
      {
         "text": "Recent posts - {{.responses.rss.JSONBody.title}}",
         "blocks": [{
            "type": "section",
            "text": {
              "type": "plain_text",
              "text": "Recent posts - {{.responses.rss.JSONBody.title}}"
            }
         }, {
            "type": "section",
            "text": {
              "type": "mrkdwn",
              "text": "{{range $index, $item := .responses.rss.JSONBody.items}}• <{{$item.url}}|{{$item.title}}>\n{{end}}"
         }}]
      }

- name: sendSlackRequest
  kind: Proxy
  pools:
  - loadBalance:
      policy: roundRobin
    servers:
    - url: https://hooks.slack.com
  compression:
    minLength: 4096

- name: decompressResponse
  kind: ResponseAdaptor
  decompress: gzip

- name: buildResponse
  kind: ResponseBuilder
  template: |
    statusCode: 200
    body: RSS feed has been sent to Slack successfully.' | egctl object create

Update the HTTPServer

Now let's update the HTTPServer to forward the traffic with prefix /rss to the new pipeline.

$ echo '
kind: HTTPServer
name: server-demo
port: 10080
keepAlive: true
https: false
rules:
  - paths:
    - pathPrefix: /rss          # +
      backend: rss-pipeline     # +
    - pathPrefix: /pipeline
      backend: pipeline-demo' | egctl object update

Test the RSS Pipeline

Execute the below command, your slack will receive the article list of the RSS feed.

$ curl -H X-Rss-Url:https://hnrss.org/newest?count=5 http://127.0.0.1:10080/rss

Please note the maximum message size Slack allowed is about 3K, so you will need to limit the number of articles returned by the RSS feed of some sites(e.g. Hack News).

Documentation

See [Easegress Documentation](./doc/README.md) for all documents.

Roadmap

See [Easegress Roadmap](./doc/Roadmap.md) for details.

Community

Contributing

See [Contributing guide](./CONTRIBUTING.md#contributing).

License

Easegress is under the Apache 2.0 license. See the [LICENSE](./LICENSE) file for details.


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the Easegress README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.