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Programming language: Go
Tags: Template Engines    
Latest version: v0.0.2

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README

Hero

Hero is a handy, fast and powerful go template engine, which pre-compiles the html templates to go code. It has been used in production environment in bthub.io.

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Features

  • High performance.
  • Easy to use.
  • Powerful. template Extend and Include supported.
  • Auto compiling when files change.

Performance

Hero is the fastest and least-memory used among currently known template engines in the benchmark. The data of chart comes from https://github.com/SlinSo/goTemplateBenchmark. You can find more details and benchmarks from that project.

Install

go get github.com/shiyanhui/hero/hero

# Hero needs `goimports` to format the generated codes.
go get golang.org/x/tools/cmd/goimports

Usage

hero [options]

  -source string
        the html template file or dir (default "./")
  -dest string
        generated golang files dir, it will be the same with source if not set
  -extensions string
        source file extensions, comma splitted if many (default ".html")
  -pkgname template
        the generated template package name, default is template (default "template")
  -watch
        whether automatically compile when the source files change

example:
    hero -source="./"
    hero -source="$GOPATH/src/app/template" -dest="./" -extensions=".html,.htm" -pkgname="t" -watch

Quick Start

Assume that we are going to render a user list userlist.html. index.html is the layout, and user.html is an item in the list.

And assumes that they are all under $GOPATH/src/app/template

index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <meta charset="utf-8">
    </head>

    <body>
        <%@ body { %>
        <% } %>
    </body>
</html>

userlist.html

<%: func UserList(userList []string, buffer *bytes.Buffer) %>

<%~ "index.html" %>

<%@ body { %>
    <% for _, user := range userList { %>
        <ul>
            <%+ "user.html" %>
        </ul>
    <% } %>
<% } %>

user.html

<li>
    <%= user %>
</li>

Then we compile the templates to go code.

hero -source="$GOPATH/src/app/template"

We will get three new .go files under $GOPATH/src/app/template, i.e. index.html.go, user.html.go and userlist.html.go.

Then we write a http server in $GOPATH/src/app/main.go.

main.go

package main

import (
    "bytes"
    "net/http"

    "app/template"
)

func main() {
    http.HandleFunc("/users", func(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
        var userList = []string {
            "Alice",
            "Bob",
            "Tom",
        }

        // Had better use buffer pool. Hero exports `GetBuffer` and `PutBuffer` for this.
        //
        // For convenience, hero also supports `io.Writer`. For example, you can also define
        // the function to `func UserList(userList []string, w io.Writer) (int, error)`,
        // and then:
        //
        //   template.UserList(userList, w)
        //
        buffer := new(bytes.Buffer)
        template.UserList(userList, buffer)
        w.Write(buffer.Bytes())
    })

    http.ListenAndServe(":8080", nil)
}

At last, start the server and visit http://localhost:8080/users in your browser, we will get what we want!

Template syntax

There are only nine necessary kinds of statements, which are:

  • Function Definition <%: func define %>

    • Function definition statement defines the function which represents an html file.
    • The type of the last parameter in the function defined should be *bytes.Buffer for manual buffer management or io.Writer for automatic buffer management ( note: if using io.Writer you may optionally specify return values (int, error) to handle the result of io.Writer.Write). Hero will identify the parameter name automaticly.
    • Example:
    • <%: func UserList(userList []string, buffer *bytes.Buffer) %>
    • <%: func UserList(userList []string, w io.Writer) %>
    • <%: func UserList(userList []string, w io.Writer) (int, error) %>
  • Extend <%~ "parent template" %>

    • Extend statement states the parent template the current template extends.
    • The parent template should be quoted with "".
    • Example: <%~ "index.html" >, which we have mentioned in quick start, too.
  • Include <%+ "sub template" %>

    • Include statement includes a sub-template to the current template. It works like #include in C++.
    • The sub-template should be quoted with "".
    • Example: <%+ "user.html" >, which we also have mentioned in quick start.
  • Import <%! go code %>

    • Import statement imports the packages used in the defined function, and it also contains everything that is outside of the defined function.
    • Import statement will NOT be inherited by child template.
    • Example:
    <%!
      import (
          "fmt"
          "strings"
      )
    
      var a int
    
      const b = "hello, world"
    
      func Add(a, b int) int {
          return a + b
      }
    
      type S struct {
          Name string
      }
    
      func (s S) String() string {
          return s.Name
      }
    %>
    
  • Block <%@ blockName { %> <% } %>

    • Block statement represents a block. Child template overwrites blocks to extend parent template.
    • Example:
    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html>
        <head>
            <meta charset="utf-8">
        </head>
    
        <body>
            <%@ body { %>
            <% } %>
        </body>
    </html>
    
  • Code <% go code %>

    • Code statement states all code inside the defined function. It's just go code.
    • Example:
    <% for _, user := range userList { %>
        <% if user != "Alice" { %>
            <%= user %>
        <% } %>
    <% } %>
    
    <%
        a, b := 1, 2
        c := Add(a, b)
    %>
    
  • Raw Value <%==[t] variable %>

    • Raw Value statement will convert the variable to string.
    • t is the type of variable, hero will find suitable converting method by t. Candidates of t are:
    • b: bool
    • i: int, int8, int16, int32, int64
    • u: byte, uint, uint8, uint16, uint32, uint64
    • f: float32, float64
    • s: string
    • bs: []byte
    • v: interface

    Note:

    • If t is not set, the value of t is s.
    • Had better not use v, cause when t=v, the converting method is fmt.Sprintf("%v", variable) and it is very slow.
    • Example:
    <%== "hello" %>
    <%==i 34  %>
    <%==u Add(a, b) %>
    <%==s user.Name %>
    
  • Escaped Value <%=[t] variable %>

    • Escaped Value statement is similar with Raw Value statement, but after converting, it will be escaped it with html.EscapesString.
    • t is the same as in Raw Value Statement.
    • Example:
    <%= a %>
    <%=i a + b %>
    <%=u Add(a, b) %>
    <%=bs []byte{1, 2} %>
    
  • Note <%# note %>

    • Note statement add notes to the template.
    • It will not be added to the generated go source.
    • Example: <# this is just a note example>.

License

Hero is licensed under the Apache License.


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the hero README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.