Programming language: Go
License: MIT License
Tags: Template Engines    
Latest version: v1.3.0

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Liquid Template Parser

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liquid is a pure Go implementation of Shopify Liquid templates. It was developed for use in the Gojekyll port of the Jekyll static site generator.

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go get gopkg.in/osteele/liquid.v1 # latest snapshot

go get -u github.com/osteele/liquid # development version


engine := liquid.NewEngine()
template := `<h1>{{ page.title }}</h1>`
bindings := map[string]interface{}{
    "page": map[string]string{
        "title": "Introduction",
out, err := engine.ParseAndRenderString(template, bindings)
if err != nil { log.Fatalln(err) }
// Output: <h1>Introduction</h1>

See the API documentation for additional examples.

Command-Line tool

go install gopkg.in/osteele/liquid.v0/cmd/liquid installs a command-line liquid executable. This is intended to make it easier to create test cases for bug reports.

$ liquid --help
usage: liquid [FILE]
$ echo '{{ "Hello World" | downcase | split: " " | first | append: "!"}}' | liquid



These features of Shopify Liquid aren't implemented:

  • Filter keyword parameters, for example {{ image | img_url: '580x', scale: 2 }}. [Issue #42]
  • Warn and lax error modes.
  • Non-strict filters. An undefined filter is currently an error.
  • Strict variables. An undefined variable is not an error.


Drops have a different design from the Shopify (Ruby) implementation. A Ruby drop sets liquid_attributes to a list of attributes that are exposed to Liquid. A Go drop implements ToLiquid() interface{}, that returns a proxy object. Conventionally, the proxy is a map or struct that defines the exposed properties. See http://godoc.org/github.com/osteele/liquid#Drop for additional information.

Value Types

Render and friends take a Bindings parameter. This is a map of string to interface{}, that associates template variable names with Go values.

Any Go value can be used as a variable value. These values have special meaning:

  • false and nil
    • These, and no other values, are recognized as false by and, or, {% if %}, {% elsif %}, and {% case %}.
  • Integers
    • (Only) integers can be used as array indices: array[1]; array[n], where array has an array value and n has an integer value.
    • (Only) integers can be used as the endpoints of a range: {% for item in (1..5) %}, {% for item in (start..end) %} where start and end have integer values.
  • Integers and floats
    • Integers and floats are converted to their join type for comparison: 1 == 1.0 evaluates to true. Similarly, int8(1), int16(1), uint8(1) etc. are all ==.
    • [There is currently no special treatment of complex numbers.]
  • Integers, floats, and strings
    • Integers, floats, and strings can be used in comparisons <, >, <=, >=. Integers and floats can be usefully compared with each other. Strings can be usefully compared with each other, but not with other values. Any other comparison, e.g. 1 < "one", 1 > "one", is always false.
  • Arrays (and slices)
    • An array can be indexed by integer value: array[1]; array[n] where n has an integer value.
    • Arrays have first, last, and size properties: array.first == array[0], array[array.size-1] == array.last (where array.size > 0)
  • Maps
    • A map can be indexed by a string: hash["key"]; hash[s] where s has a string value
    • A map can be accessed using property syntax hash.key
    • Maps have a special size property, that returns the size of the map.
  • Drops
    • A value value of a type that implements the Drop interface acts as the value value.ToLiquid(). There is no guarantee about how many times ToLiquid will be called. [This is in contrast to Shopify Liquid, which both uses a different interface for drops, and makes stronger guarantees.]
  • Structs
    • A public field of a struct can be accessed by its name: value.FieldName, value["fieldName"].
    • A field tagged e.g. liquid:”name” is accessed as value.name instead.
    • If the value of the field is a function that takes no arguments and returns either one or two arguments, accessing it invokes the function, and the value of the property is its first return value.
    • If the second return value is non-nil, accessing the field panics instead.
    • A function defined on a struct can be accessed by function name e.g. value.Func, value["Func"].
    • The same rules apply as to accessing a func-valued public field.
    • Note that despite being array- and map-like, structs do not have a special value.size property.
  • []byte
    • A value of type []byte is rendered as the corresponding string, and presented as a string to filters that expect one. A []byte is not (currently) equivalent to a string for all uses; for example, a < b, a contains b, hash[b] will not behave as expected where a or b is a []byte.
  • MapSlice
    • An instance of yaml.MapSlice acts as a map. It implements m.key, m[key], and m.size.



Bug reports, test cases, and code contributions are more than welcome. Please refer to the [contribution guidelines](./CONTRIBUTING.md).


Thanks goes to these wonderful people (emoji key):

<!-- ALL-CONTRIBUTORS-LIST:START - Do not remove or modify this section --> <!-- prettier-ignore-start --> <!-- markdownlint-disable --> Oliver Steele💻 📖 🤔 🚇 👀 ⚠️ James Littlejohn💻 📖 ⚠️ nsf💻 ⚠️ Tobias Salzmann💻 Ben Doerr💻 Daniil Gentili💻 Carolyn Van Slyck💻 Kimmo Lehto💻 Victor "Vito" Gama💻

<!-- markdownlint-restore --> <!-- prettier-ignore-end -->


This project follows the all-contributors specification. Contributions of any kind welcome!


Package Author Description License
Ragel Adrian Thurston scanning expressions MIT
gopkg.in/yaml.v2 Canonical MapSlice Apache License 2.0

Michael Hamrah's Lexing with Ragel and Parsing with Yacc using Go was essential to understanding go yacc.

The original Liquid engine, of course, for the design and documentation of the Liquid template language. Many of the tag and filter test cases are taken directly from the Liquid documentation.

Other Implementations


Other Languages

See Shopify's ports of Liquid to other environments.


MIT License

*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the liquid README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.