Programming language: Go
License: MIT License
Tags: Data Structures    
Latest version: v0.2.0

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Merkle Tree in Golang

An implementation of a Merkle Tree written in Go. A Merkle Tree is a hash tree that provides an efficient way to verify the contents of a set data are present and untampered with.

At its core, a Merkle Tree is a list of items representing the data that should be verified. Each of these items is inserted into a leaf node and a tree of hashes is constructed bottom up using a hash of the nodes left and right children's hashes. This means that the root node will effictively be a hash of all other nodes (hashes) in the tree. This property allows the tree to be reproduced and thus verified by on the hash of the root node of the tree. The benefit of the tree structure is verifying any single content entry in the tree will require only nlog2(n) steps in the worst case.


See the docs here.


go get github.com/cbergoon/merkletree

Example Usage

Below is an example that makes use of the entire API - its quite small.

package main

import (


//TestContent implements the Content interface provided by merkletree and represents the content stored in the tree.
type TestContent struct {
  x string

//CalculateHash hashes the values of a TestContent
func (t TestContent) CalculateHash() ([]byte, error) {
  h := sha256.New()
  if _, err := h.Write([]byte(t.x)); err != nil {
    return nil, err

  return h.Sum(nil), nil

//Equals tests for equality of two Contents
func (t TestContent) Equals(other merkletree.Content) (bool, error) {
  return t.x == other.(TestContent).x, nil

func main() {
  //Build list of Content to build tree
  var list []merkletree.Content
  list = append(list, TestContent{x: "Hello"})
  list = append(list, TestContent{x: "Hi"})
  list = append(list, TestContent{x: "Hey"})
  list = append(list, TestContent{x: "Hola"})

  //Create a new Merkle Tree from the list of Content
  t, err := merkletree.NewTree(list)
  if err != nil {

  //Get the Merkle Root of the tree
  mr := t.MerkleRoot()

  //Verify the entire tree (hashes for each node) is valid
  vt, err := t.VerifyTree()
  if err != nil {
  log.Println("Verify Tree: ", vt)

  //Verify a specific content in in the tree
  vc, err := t.VerifyContent(list[0])
  if err != nil {

  log.Println("Verify Content: ", vc)

  //String representation




This project is licensed under the MIT License.

*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the merkletree README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.