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Programming language: Go
Tags: Testing     Mock    
Latest version: v3.0.6

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README

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Summary

Minimock generates mocks out of Go interface declarations.

The main features of minimock are:

  • It generates statically typed mocks and helpers. There's no need for type assertions when you use minimock.
  • It's fully integrated with the standard Go "testing" package.
  • It's ready for Go modules.
  • It works well with table driven tests because you can set up mocks for several methods in one line of code using the builder pattern.
  • It can generate several mocks in one run.
  • It generates code that passes gometalinter checks.
  • It puts //go:generate instruction into the generated code, so all you need to do when the source interface is updated is to run the go generate ./... command from within the project's directory.
  • It provides Finish and Wait helpers to check if all mocked methods have been called during the test and keeps your test code clean and up to date.
  • It provides When and Then helpers to set up several expectations and results for any method.
  • It generates concurrent-safe mocks and mock invocation counters that you can use to manage mock behavior depending on the number of calls.
  • It can be used with the GoUnit tool which generates table-driven tests that make use of minimock.

Installation

If you use go modules please download the latest binary or install minimock from source:

go install github.com/gojuno/minimock/v3/cmd/minimock

If you don't use go modules please find the latest v2.x binary here or install minimock using v2 branch

Usage

 minimock [-i source.interface] [-o output/dir/or/file.go] [-g]
  -g    don't put go:generate instruction into the generated code
  -h    show this help message
  -i string
        comma-separated names of the interfaces to mock, i.e fmt.Stringer,io.Reader
        use io.* notation to generate mocks for all interfaces in the "io" package (default "*")
  -o string
        comma-separated destination file names or packages to put the generated mocks in,
        by default the generated mock is placed in the source package directory
  -s string
        mock file suffix (default "_mock_test.go")

Let's say we have the following interface declaration in github.com/gojuno/minimock/tests package:

type Formatter interface {
    Format(string, ...interface{}) string
}

This will generate mocks for all interfaces defined in the "tests" package:

$ cd ~/go/src/github.com/gojuno/minimock/tests
$ minimock 

Here is how to generate a mock for the "Formatter" interface only:

$ cd ~/go/src/github.com/gojuno/minimock/tests
$ minimock -i Formatter 

Same using the relative package notation:

$ minimock -i ./tests.Formatter

Same using the full import path of the source package:

$ minimock -i github.com/gojuno/minimock/tests.Formatter -o ./tests/

All the examples above generate ./tests/formatter_mock_test.go file

Now it's time to use the generated mock. There are several ways it can be done.

Setting up a mock using the builder pattern and Expect/Return methods:

mc := minimock.NewController(t)
formatterMock := NewFormatterMock(mc).FormatMock.Expect("hello %s!", "world").Return("hello world!")

The builder pattern is convenient when you have more than one method to mock. Let's say we have an io.ReadCloser interface which has two methods: Read and Close

type ReadCloser interface {
    Read(p []byte) (n int, err error)
    Close() error
}

We can set up a mock using a simple one-liner:

mc := minimock.NewController(t)
readCloserMock := NewReadCloserMock(mc).ReadMock.Expect([]byte(1,2,3)).Return(3, nil).CloseMock.Return(nil)

But what if we don't want to check all arguments of the read method? Let's say we just want to check that the second element of the given slice "p" is 2. This is where "Inspect" helper comes into play:

mc := minimock.NewController(t)
readCloserMock := NewReadCloserMock(mc).ReadMock.Inspect(func(p []byte){
  assert.Equal(mc, 2, p[1])
}).Return(3, nil).CloseMock.Return(nil)

Setting up a mock using When/Then helpers:

mc := minimock.NewController(t)
formatterMock := NewFormatterMock(mc)
formatterMock.When("Hello %s!", "world").Then("Hello world!")
formatterMock.When("Hi %s!", "there").Then("Hi there!")

alternatively you can use the one-liner:

formatterMock = NewFormatterMock(mc).When("Hello %s!", "world").Then("Hello world!").When("Hi %s!", "there").Then("Hi there!")

Setting up a mock using the Set method:

mc := minimock.NewController(t)
formatterMock := NewFormatterMock(mc).FormatMock.Set(func(string, ...interface{}) string {
  return "minimock"
})

You can also use invocation counters in your mocks and tests:

mc := minimock.NewController(t)
formatterMock := NewFormatterMock(mc)
formatterMock.FormatMock.Set(func(string, ...interface{}) string {
  return fmt.Sprintf("minimock: %d", formatterMock.BeforeFormatCounter())
})

Make sure that your mocks are being used

Often we write tons of mocks to test our code but sometimes the tested code stops using mocked dependencies. You can easily identify this problem by using mc.Finish or mc.Wait helpers. These helpers ensure that all your mocks and expectations have been used at least once during the test run.

func TestSomething(t *testing.T) {
  mc := minimock.NewController(t)
  defer mc.Finish() //it will mark this example test as failed because there are no calls to formatterMock.Format() and readCloserMock.Read() below

  formatterMock := NewFormatterMock(mc)
  formatterMock.FormatMock.Return("minimock")

  readCloserMock := NewReadCloserMock(mc)
  readCloserMock.ReadMock.Return(5, nil)
}

Testing concurrent code

Testing concurrent code is tough. Fortunately minimock.Controller provides you with the helper method that makes testing concurrent code easy. Here is how it works:

func TestSomething(t *testing.T) {
  mc := minimock.NewController(t)

  //Wait ensures that all mocked methods have been called within the given time span
  //if any of the mocked methods have not been called Wait marks the test as failed
  defer mc.Wait(time.Second)

  formatterMock := NewFormatterMock(mc)
  formatterMock.FormatMock.Return("minimock")

  //tested code can run the mocked method in a goroutine
  go formatterMock.Format("hello world!")
}

Using GoUnit with minimock

Writing test is not only mocking the dependencies. Often the test itself contains a lot of boilerplate code. You can generate test stubs using GoUnit tool which has a nice template that uses minimock.

Happy mocking!