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Programming language: Go
License: Apache License 2.0
Tags: Database    

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README

license Build Status Coverage Status Go Report Card Go Reference Mentioned in Awesome Go

中文版

This is a golang implemented Redis RDB parser for secondary development and memory analysis.

It provides abilities to:

  • Generate memory report for rdb file
  • Convert RDB files to JSON
  • Convert RDB files to Redis Serialization Protocol (or AOF file)
  • Find the biggest N keys in RDB files
  • Draw FlameGraph to analysis which kind of keys occupied most memory
  • Customize data usage
  • Generate RDB file

Support RDB version: 1 <= version <= 9

If you read Chinese, you could find a thorough introduction to the RDB file format here: Golang 实现 Redis(11): RDB 文件格式

Thanks sripathikrishnan for his redis-rdb-tools

Install

If you have installed go on your compute, just simply use:

go get github.com/hdt3213/rdb

Or, you can download executable binary file from releases and put its path to PATH environment.

use rdb command in terminal, you can see it's manual

This is a tool to parse Redis' RDB files
Options:
  -c command, including: json/memory/aof/bigkey/flamegraph
  -o output file path
  -n number of result, using in 
  -port listen port for flame graph web service
  -sep separator for flamegraph, rdb will separate key by it, default value is ":". 
                supporting multi separators: -sep sep1 -sep sep2 
  -regex using regex expression filter keys

Examples:
parameters between '[' and ']' is optional
1. convert rdb to json
  rdb -c json -o dump.json dump.rdb
2. generate memory report
  rdb -c memory -o memory.csv dump.rdb
3. convert to aof file
  rdb -c aof -o dump.aof dump.rdb
4. get largest keys
  rdb -c bigkey [-o dump.aof] [-n 10] dump.rdb
5. draw flamegraph
  rdb -c flamegraph [-port 16379] [-sep :] dump.rdb

Convert to Json

Usage:

rdb -c json -o <output_path> <source_path>

example:

rdb -c json -o intset_16.json cases/intset_16.rdb

You can get some rdb examples in cases

The examples for json result:

[
    {"db":0,"key":"hash","size":64,"type":"hash","hash":{"ca32mbn2k3tp41iu":"ca32mbn2k3tp41iu","mddbhxnzsbklyp8c":"mddbhxnzsbklyp8c"}},
    {"db":0,"key":"string","size":10,"type":"string","value":"aaaaaaa"},
    {"db":0,"key":"expiration","expiration":"2022-02-18T06:15:29.18+08:00","size":8,"type":"string","value":"zxcvb"},
    {"db":0,"key":"list","expiration":"2022-02-18T06:15:29.18+08:00","size":66,"type":"list","values":["7fbn7xhcnu","lmproj6c2e","e5lom29act","yy3ux925do"]},
    {"db":0,"key":"zset","expiration":"2022-02-18T06:15:29.18+08:00","size":57,"type":"zset","entries":[{"member":"zn4ejjo4ths63irg","score":1},{"member":"1ik4jifkg6olxf5n","score":2}]},
    {"db":0,"key":"set","expiration":"2022-02-18T06:15:29.18+08:00","size":39,"type":"set","members":["2hzm5rnmkmwb3zqd","tdje6bk22c6ddlrw"]}
]

Generate Memory Report

RDB uses rdb encoded size to estimate redis memory usage.

rdb -c memory -o <output_path> <source_path>

Example:

rdb -c memory -o mem.csv cases/memory.rdb

The examples for csv result:

database,key,type,size,size_readable,element_count
0,hash,hash,64,64B,2
0,s,string,10,10B,0
0,e,string,8,8B,0
0,list,list,66,66B,4
0,zset,zset,57,57B,2
0,large,string,2056,2K,0
0,set,set,39,39B,2

Find The Biggest Keys

RDB can find biggest N keys in file

rdb -c bigkey -n <result_number> <source_path>

Example:

rdb -c bigkey -n 5 cases/memory.rdb

The examples for csv result:

database,key,type,size,size_readable,element_count
0,large,string,2056,2K,0
0,list,list,66,66B,4
0,hash,hash,64,64B,2
0,zset,zset,57,57B,2
0,set,set,39,39B,2

Convert to AOF

Usage:

rdb -c aof -o <output_path> <source_path>

Example:

rdb -c aof -o mem.aof cases/memory.rdb

The examples for aof result:

*3
$3
SET
$1
s
$7
aaaaaaa

Flame Graph

In many cases there is not a few very large key but lots of small keys that occupied most memory.

RDB tool could separate keys by the given delimeters, then aggregate keys with same prefix.

Finally RDB tool presents the result as flame graph, with which you could find out which kind of keys consumed most memory.

In this example, the keys of pattern Comment:* use 8.463% memory.

Usage:

rdb -c flamegraph [-port <port>] [-sep <separator1>] [-sep <separator2>] <source_path>

Example:

rdb -c flamegraph -port 16379 -sep : dump.rdb

Regex Filter

RDB tool supports using regex expression to filter keys.

Example:

rdb -c json -o regex.json -regex '^l.*' cases/memory.rdb

Customize data usage

package main

import (
    "github.com/hdt3213/rdb/parser"
    "os"
)

func main() {
    rdbFile, err := os.Open("dump.rdb")
    if err != nil {
        panic("open dump.rdb failed")
    }
    defer func() {
        _ = rdbFile.Close()
    }()
    decoder := parser.NewDecoder(rdbFile)
    err = decoder.Parse(func(o parser.RedisObject) bool {
        switch o.GetType() {
        case parser.StringType:
            str := o.(*parser.StringObject)
            println(str.Key, str.Value)
        case parser.ListType:
            list := o.(*parser.ListObject)
            println(list.Key, list.Values)
        case parser.HashType:
            hash := o.(*parser.HashObject)
            println(hash.Key, hash.Hash)
        case parser.ZSetType:
            zset := o.(*parser.ZSetObject)
            println(zset.Key, zset.Entries)
        }
        // return true to continue, return false to stop the iteration
        return true
    })
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }
}

Generate RDB file

This library can generate RDB file:

package main

import (
    "github.com/hdt3213/rdb/encoder"
    "github.com/hdt3213/rdb/model"
    "os"
    "time"
)

func main() {
    rdbFile, err := os.Create("dump.rdb")
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }
    defer rdbFile.Close()
    enc := encoder.NewEncoder(rdbFile)
    err = enc.WriteHeader()
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }
    auxMap := map[string]string{
        "redis-ver":    "4.0.6",
        "redis-bits":   "64",
        "aof-preamble": "0",
    }
    for k, v := range auxMap {
        err = enc.WriteAux(k, v)
        if err != nil {
            panic(err)
        }
    }

    err = enc.WriteDBHeader(0, 5, 1)
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }
    expirationMs := uint64(time.Now().Add(time.Hour*8).Unix() * 1000)
    err = enc.WriteStringObject("hello", []byte("world"), encoder.WithTTL(expirationMs))
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }
    err = enc.WriteListObject("list", [][]byte{
        []byte("123"),
        []byte("abc"),
        []byte("la la la"),
    })
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }
    err = enc.WriteSetObject("set", [][]byte{
        []byte("123"),
        []byte("abc"),
        []byte("la la la"),
    })
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }
    err = enc.WriteHashMapObject("list", map[string][]byte{
        "1":  []byte("123"),
        "a":  []byte("abc"),
        "la": []byte("la la la"),
    })
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }
    err = enc.WriteZSetObject("list", []*model.ZSetEntry{
        {
            Score: 1.234,
            Member: "a",
        },
        {
            Score: 2.71828,
            Member: "b",
        },
    })
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }
    err = enc.WriteEnd()
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }
}

Benchmark

Tested on MacBook Pro (16-inch, 2019) 2.6 GHz 6cores Intel Core i7, using a 1.3 GB RDB file encoded with v9 format from Redis 5.0 in production environment.

usage elapsed speed
ToJson 144.11s 9.23MB/s
Memory 18.585s 71.62MB/s
AOF 104.77s 12.76MB/s
Top10 14.8s 89.95MB/s
FlameGraph 49.38s 26.96MB/s


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the rdb README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.