Programming language: Go
License: MIT License
Latest version: v1.6.1

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Realtime API GatewaySynchronize Your Clients

Visit Resgate.io for guides, live demos, and resources.

Resgate is a Go project implementing a realtime API gateway for the [RES protocol](docs/res-protocol.md) with NATS server as messaging system.

It is a simple server that lets you create REST, real time, and RPC APIs, where all your clients are synchronized seamlessly.

Used for building new REST APIs with real-time functionality, or when creating single page applications using reactive frameworks such as React, Vue.js, or Modapp.

[Book Collection Animation](docs/img/book-collection-anim.gif)
Screen capture from the [Book Collection Example](examples/book-collection/). Try out the Live demo version yourself.

How it works

Resgate handles all API requests from your clients, instead of directly exposing your micro-services (represented by Node.js and Java below). Clients will connect to Resgate, using either HTTP or WebSocket, to make requests. These requests are sent to the micro-services over NATS server, and Resgate will keep track on which resource each client has requested.

Whenever there is a change to the data, the responsible micro-service sends an event. Resgate will use this event to both update its own cache, and make sure each subscribing client is kept up-to-date.


If you install Docker, it is easy to run both NATS server and Resgate as containers:

docker network create res
docker run -d --name nats -p 4222:4222 --net res nats
docker run --name resgate -p 8080:8080 --net res resgateio/resgate --nats nats://nats:4222

Both images are small, about 10 MB each.

See Resgate.io - Installation for other ways of installation.


While Resgate may be used with any language, the examples in this repository are written in Javascript for Node.js, without using any additional library.

Example Description
[Hello World](examples/hello-world/) Simple service serving a static message.
[Edit Text](examples/edit-text/) Text field that can be edited by multiple clients concurrently.
[Book Collection](examples/book-collection/) List of book titles & authors that can be edited by many.
[JWT Authentication](examples/jwt-authentication/) Showing how JWT tokens can be used for authentication.
[Password Authentication](examples/password-authentication/) Showing authentication with user and password credentials.
[Client Session](examples/client-session/) Creating client sessions that survive reloads and reconnects.


All examples are complete with both service and client.

Protocol Specification

For more in depth information on the protocol:

  • [RES protocol](docs/res-protocol.md) - Introduction and general terminology
  • [RES-Service protocol](docs/res-service-protocol.md) - How to write services
  • [RES-Client protocol](docs/res-client-protocol.md) - How to write client libraries, if ResClient doesn't fit your needs


resgate [options]

Server options

Option Description Default value
-n, --nats <url> NATS Server URL nats://
-i, --addr <host> Bind to HOST address
-p, --port <port> HTTP port for client connections 8080
-w, --wspath <path> WebSocket path for clients /
-a, --apipath <path> Web resource path for clients /api/
-r, --reqtimeout <seconds> Timeout duration for NATS requests 3000
-u, --headauth <method> Resource method for header authentication
    --apiencoding <type> Encoding for web resources: json, jsonflat json
    --putmethod <methodName> Call method name mapped to HTTP PUT requests
    --deletemethod <methodName> Call method name mapped to HTTP DELETE requests
    --patchmethod <methodName> Call method name mapped to HTTP PATCH requests
    --wscompression Enable WebSocket per message compression
    --resetthrottle <limit> Limit on parallel requests sent on a system reset 0 (no limit)
    --referencethrottle <limit> Limit on parallel requests sent following references 0 (no limit)
-c, --config <file> Configuration file in JSON format

Security options

Option Description Default value
    --tls Enable TLS for HTTP false
    --tlscert <file> HTTP server certificate file
    --tlskey <file> Private key for HTTP server certificate
    --creds <file> NATS User Credentials file
    --natscert <file> NATS Client certificate file
    --natskey <file> NATS Client certificate key file
    --natsrootca <file> NATS Root CA file(s)
    --alloworigin <origin> Allowed origin(s): *, or <scheme>://<hostname>[:<port>] *

Logging options

Option Description
-D, --debug Enable debugging output
-V, --trace Enable trace logging
-DV Debug and trace

Common options

Option Description
-h, --help Show usage message
-v, --version Show version


Configuration is a JSON encoded file. If no config file is found at the given path, a new file will be created with default values as follows.


    // URL to the NATS server.
    "natsUrl": "nats://",

    // Bind to HOST IPv4 or IPv6 address.
    // Empty string ("") means all IPv4 and IPv6 addresses.
    // Invalid or missing IP address defaults to
    "addr": "",

    // Port for the http server to listen on.
    // If the port value is missing or 0, standard http(s) port is used.
    "port": 8080,

    // Path for accessing the RES API WebSocket.
    "wsPath": "/",

    // Path prefix for accessing web resources.
    "apiPath": "/api",

    // Timeout in milliseconds for NATS requests.
    "requestTimeout": 3000,

    // Size of message buffer for incoming NATS requests.
    "bufferSize": 8192,

    // Header authentication resource method for web resources.
    // Prior to accessing the resource, this resource method will be
    // called, allowing an auth service to set a token using
    // information such as the request headers.
    // Missing value or null will disable header authentication.
    // Eg. "authService.headerLogin"
    "headerAuth": null,

    // Encoding for web resources.
    // Available encodings are:
    // * json - JSON encoding with resource reference meta data.
    // * jsonflat - JSON encoding without resource reference meta data.
    "apiEncoding": "json",

    // Call method name to map HTTP PUT method requests to.
    // Eg. "put"
    "putMethod": null,

    // Call method name to map HTTP DELETE method requests to.
    // Eg. "delete"
    "deleteMethod": null,

    // Call method name to map HTTP PATCH method requests to.
    // Eg. "patch"
    "patchMethod": null,

    // Flag enabling WebSocket per message compression (RFC 7692).
    "wsCompression": false,

    // Throttle on how many requests are sent in response to a system reset.
    // Once that the number of requests are sent, the server will await
    // responses before sending more requests. Zero (0) means no throttling.
    // Eg. 32
    "resetThrottle": 0,

    // Throttle on how many requests are sent when recursively following
    // resource references for a subscription.
    // Once that the number of requests are sent, the server will await
    // responses before sending more requests. Zero (0) means no throttling.
    // Eg. 32
    "referenceThrottle": 0,

    // Flag enabling tls encryption.
    "tls": false,

    // Certificate file path for tls encryption.
    "tlsCert": "",

    // Key file path for tls encryption.
    "tlsKey": "",

    // NATS User Credentials file.
    // Eg. "ngs.creds"
    "natsCreds": "",

    // NATS Client certificate file.
    // Eg. "client-cert.pem"
    "natsCert": "",

    // NATS Client certificate key file.
    // Eg. "client-key.pem"
    "natsKey": "",

    // NATS Root CA files.
    // Eg. ["rootCA.pem"]
    "natsRootCAs": [],

    // Allowed origin for CORS requests, or * to allow all origins.
    // Multiple origins are separated by semicolon.
    // Eg. "https://example.com;https://api.example.com"
    "allowOrigin": "*",

    // Flag enabling debug logging.
    "debug": false,

    // Flag enabling trace logging.
    "trace": false

Running Resgate

By design, Resgate will exit if it fails to connect to the NATS server, or if it loses the connection. This is to allow clients to try to reconnect to another Resgate instance and resume from there, and to give Resgate a fresh new start if something went wrong.

A simple bash script can keep it running:

until ./resgate; do
    echo "Resgate exited with code $?.  Restarting.." >&2
    sleep 2


Visit Resgate.io for documentation and resources.

It has guides on installation, configuration, writing services, scaling, queries, and other useful things. It also contains guides for ResClient when working with frameworks such as React, Vue.js, and Modapp.

Support Resgate

Resgate is an MIT-licensed open source project where development is made possible through community support.

If you'd like help out, please consider:


Any feedback on the protocol and its implementation is highly appreciated!

If you find any issues with the protocol or the gateway, feel free to report them.

If you have created a service library, a client library, or some other tool or utility, please contact me to have it added to the list of resources.

*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the resgate README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.