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Programming language: Go
Tags: Financial    

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transaction

Build Status Mentioned in Awesome Go API documentation Go Report Card

Embedded transactional database of accounts, running in multithreaded mode. Coverage 92.8%

The library operates only with integers. If you want to work with hundredths (for example, cents in dollars), multiply everything by 100. For example, a dollar and a half, it will be 150. Limit on the maximum account size: 2 to 63 degrees (9,223,372,036,854,775,807). For example: on the account cannot be more than $92,233,720,368,547,758.07

The library works in parallel mode and can process millions of requests per second. Parallel requests to the same account should not lead to an erroneous change in the balance of this account. Debit and credit with the account can be done ONLY as part of the transaction.

The library has two main entities: a unit and an account.

Unit

  • A unit can be a customer, a company, etc.
  • A unit can have many accounts (accounts are called a string variable)
  • A unit cannot be deleted if at least one of its accounts is not zero
  • If a unit receives a certain amount for a nonexistent account, such an account will be created

Account

  • The account serves to account for money, shares, etc.
  • The account necessarily belongs to any unit.
  • The account belongs to only one unit.
  • There is only one balance on one account.
  • Balance is calculated only in whole numbers.

Usage

Important: in the description of methods all error return codes are written. Descriptions in the documentation: https://godoc.org/github.com/claygod/transaction The transaction has no limits on the number of credits and debits.

Create / delete

tr := transaction.New()
tr.Start()
tr.AddUnit(123)
tr.DelUnit(123)

Credit/debit of an account

Credit and debit operations with the account:

t.Begin().Credit(id, "USD", 1).End()
t.Begin().Debit(id, "USD", 1).End()

Transfer

Example of transfer of one dollar from one account to another.

t.Begin().
    Credit(idFrom, "USD", 1).
    Debit(idTo, "USD", 1).
    End()

Purchase / Sale

A purchase is essentially two simultaneous funds transfers

// Example of buying two shares of "Apple" for $10
tr.Begin().
    Credit(buyerId, "USD", 10).Debit(sellerId, "USD", 10).
    Debit(buyerId, "APPLE", 2).Credit(sellerId, "APPLE", 2).
    End()

Save / Load

// Save
    tr := New()
    tr.Start()
    tr.AddUnit(123)
    tr.Begin().Debit(123, "USD", 7).End()
    tr.Save(path)
    ...
// Load
    tr := New()
    tr.Start()
    tr.Load(path)
    tr.Begin().Credit(123, "USD", 7).End()
    ...

Example

package main

import (
    "fmt"

    tn "github.com/claygod/transaction"
)

func main() {
    tr := tn.New()
    tr.Start()

    // add unit
    switch res := tr.AddUnit(123); res {
    case tn.Ok:
        fmt.Println("Done! Unit created")
    case tn.ErrCodeCoreCatch:
        fmt.Println("Not obtained permission")
    case tn.ErrCodeUnitExist:
        fmt.Println("Such a unit already exists")
    default:
        fmt.Println("Unknown error")
    }

    // transaction
    switch res := tr.Begin().Debit(123, "USD", 5).End(); res {
    case tn.Ok:
        fmt.Println("Done! Money added")
    case tn.ErrCodeUnitNotExist:
        fmt.Println("Unit  not exist")
    case tn.ErrCodeTransactionCatch:
        fmt.Println("Account not catch")
    case tn.ErrCodeTransactionDebit:
        fmt.Println("Such a unit already exists")
    default:
        fmt.Println("Unknown error")
    }

    // save
    switch res := tr.Save("./test.tdb"); res {
    case tn.Ok:
        fmt.Println("Done! Data saved to file")
    case tn.ErrCodeCoreStop:
        fmt.Println("Unable to stop app")
    case tn.ErrCodeSaveCreateFile:
        fmt.Println("Could not create file")
    default:
        fmt.Println("Unknown error")
    }

    // del unit (There will be an error!)
    switch _, res := tr.DelUnit(123); res {
    case tn.Ok:
        fmt.Println("Done!")
    case tn.ErrCodeCoreCatch:
        fmt.Println("Not obtained permission")
    case tn.ErrCodeUnitExist:
        fmt.Println("There is no such unit")
    case tn.ErrCodeAccountNotStop:
        fmt.Println("Accounts failed to stop")
    case tn.ErrCodeUnitNotEmpty:
        fmt.Println("Accounts are not zero! You must withdraw money from the account")
    default:
        fmt.Println("Unknown error")
    }

    // transaction
    switch res := tr.Begin().Credit(123, "USD", 5).End(); res {
    case tn.Ok:
        fmt.Println("Done! Account cleared")
    case tn.ErrCodeUnitNotExist:
        fmt.Println("Unit not exist")
    case tn.ErrCodeTransactionCatch:
        fmt.Println("Account not catch")
    case tn.ErrCodeTransactionCredit:
        fmt.Println("Such a unit already exists")
    default:
        fmt.Println("Unknown error")
    }

    // del unit (Now it will work out!)
    switch _, res := tr.DelUnit(123); res {
    case tn.Ok:
        fmt.Println("Done! Now the account has been deleted")
    case tn.ErrCodeCoreCatch:
        fmt.Println("Not obtained permission")
    case tn.ErrCodeUnitNotExist:
        fmt.Println("There is no such unit")
    case tn.ErrCodeAccountNotStop:
        fmt.Println("Accounts failed to stop")
    case tn.ErrCodeUnitNotEmpty:
        fmt.Println("Accounts are not zero")
    default:
        fmt.Println(res)
    }
}

Output:

Done! Unit created
Done! Money added
Done! Data saved to file
Accounts are not zero! You must withdraw money from the account
Done! Account cleared
Done! Now the account has been deleted

Sequence diagram

[Sequence diagram](./diagram.png)

API

  • New
  • Load ("path")
  • Start ()
  • AddUnit(ID)
  • Begin().Debit(ID, key, amount).End()
  • Begin().Credit(ID, key, amount).End()
  • TotalUnit(ID)
  • TotalAccount(ID, key)
  • DelUnit(ID)
  • Stop ()
  • Save ("path")

F.A.Q.

Why can not I add or withdraw funds from the account without a transaction, because it's faster?

  • The user should not be able to make a transaction on his own. This reduces the risk. In addition, in the world of finance, single operations are rare.

Does the performance of your library depend on the number of processor cores?

  • Depends on the processor (cache size, number of cores, frequency, generation), and also depends on the RAM (size and speed), the number of accounts, the type of disk (HDD / SSD) when saving and loading.

I have a single-core processor, should I use your library in this case?

  • The performance of the library is very high, so it will not be a break in your application. However, the system block is better to upgrade ;-)

ToDo

  • [x] Draw a sequence diagram
  • [ ] Example of using a library as a server
  • [ ] Write-Ahead Logging (WAL)

Bench

i7-6700T:

  • BenchmarkTotalUnitSequence-8 3000000 419 ns/op
  • BenchmarkTotalUnitParallel-8 10000000 185 ns/op
  • BenchmarkCreditSequence-8 5000000 311 ns/op
  • BenchmarkCreditParallel-8 10000000 175 ns/op
  • BenchmarkDebitSequence-8 5000000 314 ns/op
  • BenchmarkDebitParallel-8 10000000 178 ns/op
  • BenchmarkTransferSequence-8 3000000 417 ns/op
  • BenchmarkTransferParallel-8 5000000 277 ns/op
  • BenchmarkBuySequence-8 2000000 644 ns/op
  • BenchmarkBuyParallel-8 5000000 354 ns/op

Copyright © 2017-2018 Eduard Sesigin. All rights reserved. Contacts: claygod@yandex.ru