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Programming language: Go
Tags: Template Engines    

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README

Velvet GoDoc Build Status Code Climate

Velvet is a templating package for Go. It bears a striking resemblance to "handlebars" based templates, there are a few small changes/tweaks, that make it slightly different.

General Usage

If you know handlebars, you basically know how to use Velvet.

Let's assume you have a template (a string of some kind):

<!-- some input -->
<h1>{{ name }}</h1>
<ul>
  {{#each names}}
    <li>{{ @value }}</li>
  {{/each}}
</ul>

Given that string, you can render the template like such:

ctx := velvet.NewContext()
ctx.Set("name", "Mark")
ctx.Set("names", []string{"John", "Paul", "George", "Ringo"})
s, err := velvet.Render(input, ctx)
if err != nil {
  // handle errors
}

Which would result in the following output:

<h1>Mark</h1>
<ul>
  <li>John</li>
  <li>Paul</li>
  <li>George</li>
  <li>Ringo</li>
</ul>

Helpers

If Statements

What to do? Should you render the content, or not? Using Velvet's built in if, else, and unless helpers, let you figure it out for yourself.

{{#if true }}
  render this
{{/if}}

Else Statements

{{#if false }}
  won't render this
{{ else }}
  render this
{{/if}}

Unless Statements

{{#unless true }}
  won't render this
{{/unless}}

Each Statements

Into everyone's life a little looping must happen. We can't avoid the need to write loops in applications, so Velvet helps you out by coming loaded with an each helper to iterate through arrays, slices, and maps.

Arrays

When looping through arrays or slices, the block being looped through will be access to the "global" context, as well as have four new variables available within that block:

  • @first [bool] - is this the first pass through the iteration?
  • @last [bool] - is this the last pass through the iteration?
  • @index [int] - the counter of where in the loop you are, starting with 0.
  • @value - the current element in the array or slice that is being iterated over.
<ul>
  {{#each names}}
    <li>{{ @index }} - {{ @value }}</li>
  {{/each}}
</ul>

By using "block parameters" you can change the "key" of the element being accessed from @value to a key of your choosing.

<ul>
  {{#each names as |name|}}
    <li>{{ name }}</li>
  {{/each}}
</ul>

To change both the key and the index name you can pass two "block parameters"; the first being the new name for the index and the second being the name for the element.

<ul>
  {{#each names as |index, name|}}
    <li>{{ index }} - {{ name }}</li>
  {{/each}}
</ul>

Maps

Looping through maps using the each helper is also supported, and follows very similar guidelines to looping through arrays.

  • @first [bool] - is this the first pass through the iteration?
  • @last [bool] - is this the last pass through the iteration?
  • @key - the key of the pair being accessed.
  • @value - the value of the pair being accessed.
<ul>
  {{#each users}}
    <li>{{ @key }} - {{ @value }}</li>
  {{/each}}
</ul>

By using "block parameters" you can change the "key" of the element being accessed from @value to a key of your choosing.

<ul>
  {{#each users as |user|}}
    <li>{{ @key }} - {{ user }}</li>
  {{/each}}
</ul>

To change both the key and the value name you can pass two "block parameters"; the first being the new name for the key and the second being the name for the value.

<ul>
  {{#each users as |key, user|}}
    <li>{{ key }} - {{ user }}</li>
  {{/each}}
</ul>

Other Builtin Helpers

  • json - returns a JSON marshaled string of the value passed to it.
  • js_escape - safely escapes a string to be used in a JavaScript bit of code.
  • html_escape - safely escapes a string to be used in an HTML bit of code.
  • upcase - upper cases the entire string passed to it.
  • downcase - lower cases the entire string passed to it.
  • markdown - converts markdown to HTML.
  • len - returns the length of an array or slice

Velvet also imports all of the helpers found https://github.com/markbates/inflect/blob/master/helpers.go

Custom Helpers

No templating package would be complete without allowing for you to build your own, custom, helper functions.

Return Values

The first thing to understand about building custom helper functions is their are a few "valid" return values:

string

Return just a string. The string will be HTML escaped, and deemed "not"-safe.

func() string {
  return ""
}

string, error

Return a string and an error. The string will be HTML escaped, and deemed "not"-safe.

func() (string, error) {
  return "", nil
}

template.HTML

https://golang.org/pkg/html/template/#HTML

Return a template.HTML string. The template.HTML will not be HTML escaped, and will be deemed safe.

func() template.HTML {
  return template.HTML("")
}

template.HTML, error

Return a template.HTML string and an error. The template.HTML will not be HTML escaped, and will be deemed safe.

func() ( template.HTML, error ) {
  return template.HTML(""), error
}

Input Values

Custom helper functions can take any type, and any number of arguments. There is an option last argument, velvet.HelperContext, that can be received. It's quite useful, and I would recommend taking it, as it provides you access to things like the context of the call, the block associated with the helper, etc...

Registering Helpers

Custom helpers can be registered in one of two different places; globally and per template.

Global Helpers

err := velvet.Helpers.Add("greet", func(name string) string {
  return fmt.Sprintf("Hi %s!", name)
})
if err != nil {
  // handle errors
}

The greet function is now available to all templates that use Velvet.

s, err := velvet.Render(`<h1>{{greet "mark"}}</h1>`, velvet.NewContext())
if err != nil {
  // handle errors
}
fmt.Print(s) // <h1>Hi mark!</h1>

Per Template Helpers

t, err := velvet.Parse(`<h1>{{greet "mark"}}</h1>`)
if err != nil {
  // handle errors
}
t.Helpers.Add("greet", func(name string) string {
  return fmt.Sprintf("Hi %s!", name)
})
if err != nil {
  // handle errors
}

The greet function is now only available to the template it was added to.

s, err := t.Exec(velvet.NewContext())
if err != nil {
  // handle errors
}
fmt.Print(s) // <h1>Hi mark!</h1>

Block Helpers

Like the if and each helpers, block helpers take a "block" of text that can be evaluated and potentially rendered, manipulated, or whatever you would like. To write a block helper, you have to take the velvet.HelperContext as the last argument to your helper function. This will give you access to the block associated with that call.

Example

velvet.Helpers.Add("upblock", func(help velvet.HelperContext) (template.HTML, error) {
  s, err := help.Block()
  if err != nil {
    return "", err
  }
  return strings.ToUpper(s), nil
})

s, err := velvet.Render(`{{#upblock}}hi{{/upblock}}`, velvet.NewContext())
if err != nil {
  // handle errors
}
fmt.Print(s) // HI