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Programming language: Go
Tags: Serialization    
Latest version: v1.0.1

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README

Go Report Card Build Status CodeCov GoDoc License: MIT

binstruct

Golang binary decoder to structure

Install

go get -u github.com/ghostiam/binstruct

Examples

[ZIP decoder](examples/zip) \ [PNG decoder](examples/png)

Use

For struct

From file or other io.ReadSeeker:

package main

import (
    "encoding/binary"
    "fmt"
    "log"
    "os"

    "github.com/ghostiam/binstruct"
)

func main() {
    file, err := os.Open("testdata/file.bin")
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }

    type dataStruct struct {
        Arr []int16 `bin:"len:4"`
    }

    var actual dataStruct
    decoder := binstruct.NewDecoder(file, binary.BigEndian)
    // decoder.SetDebug(true) // you can enable the output of bytes read for debugging
    err = decoder.Decode(&actual)
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }

    fmt.Printf("%+v", actual)

    // Output:
    // {Arr:[1 2 3 4]}
}

From bytes

package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "log"

    "github.com/ghostiam/binstruct"
)

func main() {
    data := []byte{
        0x00, 0x01,
        0x00, 0x02,
        0x00, 0x03,
        0x00, 0x04,
    }

    type dataStruct struct {
        Arr []int16 `bin:"len:4"`
    }

    var actual dataStruct
    err := binstruct.UnmarshalBE(data, &actual) // UnmarshalLE() or Unmarshal()
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }

    fmt.Printf("%+v", actual)

    // Output: {Arr:[1 2 3 4]}
}

or just use reader without mapping data into the structure

You can not use the functionality for mapping data into the structure, you can use the interface to get data from the stream (io.ReadSeeker)

[reader.go](reader.go)

type Reader interface {
    io.ReadSeeker

    // Peek returns the next n bytes without advancing the reader.
    Peek(n int) ([]byte, error)

    // ReadBytes reads up to n bytes. It returns the number of bytes
    // read, bytes and any error encountered.
    ReadBytes(n int) (an int, b []byte, err error)
    // ReadAll reads until an error or EOF and returns the data it read.
    ReadAll() ([]byte, error)

    // ReadByte read and return one byte
    ReadByte() (byte, error)
    // ReadBool read one byte and return boolean value
    ReadBool() (bool, error)

    // ReadUint8 read one byte and return uint8 value
    ReadUint8() (uint8, error)
    // ReadUint16 read two bytes and return uint16 value
    ReadUint16() (uint16, error)
    // ReadUint32 read four bytes and return uint32 value
    ReadUint32() (uint32, error)
    // ReadUint64 read eight bytes and return uint64 value
    ReadUint64() (uint64, error)

    // ReadInt8 read one byte and return int8 value
    ReadInt8() (int8, error)
    // ReadInt16 read two bytes and return int16 value
    ReadInt16() (int16, error)
    // ReadInt32 read four bytes and return int32 value
    ReadInt32() (int32, error)
    // ReadInt64 read eight bytes and return int64 value
    ReadInt64() (int64, error)

    // ReadFloat32 read four bytes and return float32 value
    ReadFloat32() (float32, error)
    // ReadFloat64 read eight bytes and return float64 value
    ReadFloat64() (float64, error)

    // Unmarshal parses the binary data and stores the result
    // in the value pointed to by v.
    Unmarshal(v interface{}) error
}

Example:

package main

import (
    "encoding/binary"
    "fmt"
    "log"

    "github.com/ghostiam/binstruct"
)

func main() {
    data := []byte{0x01, 0x02, 0x03, 0x04, 0x05, 0x06, 0x07, 0x08, 0x09, 0x0A, 0x0B, 0x0C, 0x0D, 0x0E, 0x0F}

    reader := binstruct.NewReaderFromBytes(data, binary.BigEndian, false)

    i16, err := reader.ReadInt16()
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }
    fmt.Println(i16)

    i32, err := reader.ReadInt32()
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }
    fmt.Println(i32)

    b, err := reader.Peek(4)
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }
    fmt.Printf("Peek bytes: %#v\n", b)

    an, b, err := reader.ReadBytes(4)
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }
    fmt.Printf("Read %d bytes: %#v\n", an, b)

    other, err := reader.ReadAll()
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }
    fmt.Printf("Read all: %#v\n", other)

    // Output:
    // 258
    // 50595078
    // Peek bytes: []byte{0x7, 0x8, 0x9, 0xa}
    // Read 4 bytes: []byte{0x7, 0x8, 0x9, 0xa}
    // Read all: []byte{0xb, 0xc, 0xd, 0xe, 0xf}
}

Decode to fields

type test struct {
    // Read 1 byte
    Field bool
    Field byte
    Field [1]byte
    Field int8
    Field uint8

    // Read 2 bytes
    Field int16
    Field uint16
    Field [2]byte

    // Read 4 bytes
    Field int32
    Field uint32
    Field [4]byte

    // Read 8 bytes
    Field int64
    Field uint64
    Field [8]byte

    // You can override length
    Field int64 `bin:"len:2"`

    // Fields of type int, uint and string are not read automatically 
    // because the size is not known, you need to set it manually
    Field int    `bin:"len:2"`
    Field uint   `bin:"len:4"`
    Field string `bin:"len:42"`

    // Can read arrays and slices
    Array [2]int32              // read 8 bytes (4+4byte for 2 int32)
    Slice []int32 `bin:"len:2"` // read 8 bytes (4+4byte for 2 int32)

    // Also two-dimensional slices work (binstruct_test.go:307 Test_SliceOfSlice)
    Slice2D [][]int32 `bin:"len:2,[len:2]"`
    // and even three-dimensional slices (binstruct_test.go:329 Test_SliceOfSliceOfSlice)
    Slice3D [][][]int32 `bin:"len:2,[len:2,[len:2]]"`

    // Structures and embedding are also supported.
    Struct struct {
        ...
    }
    OtherStruct Other
    Other // embedding
}

type Other struct {
    ...
}

Tags

type test struct {
    IgnoredField []byte `bin:"-"`          // ignore field
    CallMethod   []byte `bin:"MethodName"` // Call method "MethodName"
    ReadLength   []byte `bin:"len:42"`     // read 42 bytes

    // Offsets test binstruct_test.go:9
    Offset      byte `bin:"offset:42"`      // move to 42 bytes from current position and read byte
    OffsetStart byte `bin:"offsetStart:42"` // move to 42 bytes from start position and read byte
    OffsetEnd   byte `bin:"offsetEnd:-42"`  // move to -42 bytes from end position and read byte
    OffsetStart byte `bin:"offsetStart:42, offset:10"` // also worked and equally `offsetStart:52`

    // Calculations supported +,-,/,* and are performed from left to right that is 2+2*2=8 not 6!!!
    CalcTagValue []byte `bin:"len:10+5+2+3"` // equally len:20

    // You can refer to another field to get the value.
    DataLength              int    // actual length
    ValueFromOtherField     string `bin:"len:DataLength"`
    CalcValueFromOtherField string `bin:"len:DataLength+10"` // also work calculations
} 

// Method can be:
func (*test) MethodName(r binstruct.Reader) (error) {}
// or
func (*test) MethodName(r binstruct.Reader) (FieldType, error) {}

See the tests and examples for more information.

License

MIT License


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the binstruct README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.