Programming language: Go
License: Apache License 2.0
Latest version: v0.3.9

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drive is a tiny program to pull or push Google Drive files.

drive was originally developed by Burcu Dogan while working on the Google Drive team. Since she is very busy and no longer able to maintain it, I took over drive on Thursday, 1st January 2015. This repository contains the latest version of the code.

Table of Contents



go 1.9.X or higher is required. See here for installation instructions and platform installers.

  • Make sure to set your GOPATH in your env, .bashrc or .bash_profile file. If you have not yet set it, you can do so like this:
cat << ! >> ~/.bashrc
> export GOPATH=\$HOME/gopath
> export PATH=\$GOPATH:\$GOPATH/bin:\$PATH
> !
source ~/.bashrc # To reload the settings and get the newly set ones # Or open a fresh terminal

The above setup will ensure that the drive binary after compilation can be invoked from your current path.

From sources

To install from the latest source, run:

go get -u github.com/odeke-em/drive/cmd/drive


  • In order to address issue #138, where debug information should be bundled with the binary, you'll need to run:
go get github.com/odeke-em/drive/drive-gen && drive-gen

In case you need a specific binary e.g for Debian folks issue #271 and issue 277

go get -u github.com/odeke-em/drive/drive-google

That should produce a binary drive-google


To bundle debug information with the binary, you can run:

go get -u github.com/odeke-em/drive/drive-gen && drive-gen drive-google


  • Using godep

    cd $GOPATH/src/github.com/odeke-em/drive/drive-gen && godep save
  • Unravelling/Restoring dependencies

    cd $GOPATH/src/github.com/odeke-em/drive/drive-gen && godep restore

Please see file drive-gen/README.md for more information.

Platform Packages

For packages on your favorite platform, please see file Platform Packages.md.

Is your platform missing a package? Feel free to prepare / contribute an installation package and then submit a PR to add it in.

Automation Scripts

You can install scripts for automating major drive commands and syncing from drive-google wiki, also described in platform_packages.md. Some screenshots are available here.

Cross Compilation

See file Makefile which currently supports cross compilation. Just run make and then inspect the binaries in directory bin.

  • Supported platforms to cross compile to:
  • ARMv5.
  • ARMv6.
  • ARMv7.
  • ARMv8.
  • Darwin (OS X).
  • Linux.

Also inspect file bin/md5Sums.txt after the cross compilation.

API keys

Optionally set the GOOGLE_API_CLIENT_ID and GOOGLE_API_CLIENT_SECRET environment variables to use your own API keys.


Hyphens: - vs --

A single hyphen - can be used to specify options. However two hyphens -- can be used with any options in the provided examples below.


Before you can use drive, you'll need to mount your Google Drive directory on your local file system:

OAuth2.0 credentials

drive init ~/gdrive
cd ~/gdrive

Google Service Account credentials

drive init --service-account-file <gsa_json_file_path> ~/gdrive
cd ~/gdrive

Where must be a Google Service Account credentials file in JSON form. This feature was implemented as requested by:

De Initializing

The opposite of drive init, it will remove your credentials locally as well as configuration associated files.

drive deinit [-no-prompt]

For a complete deinitialization, don't forget to revoke account access, please see revoking account access

Traversal Depth

Before talking about the features of drive, it is useful to know about "Traversal Depth".

Throughout this README the usage of the term "Traversal Depth" refers to the number of

nodes/hops/items that it takes to get from one parent to children. In the options that allow it, you'll have a flag option -depth <n> where n is an integer

  • Traversal terminates on encountering a zero 0 traversal depth.

  • A negative depth indicates infinity, so traverse as deep as you can.

  • A positive depth helps control the reach.


|- A/
    |- B/
    |- C/
        |- C1
        |- C2
            |- C10/
            |- CTX/
                | - Music
                | - Summary.txt
  • Items on the first level relative to A/ ie depth 1, we'll have:

B, C

  • On the third level relative to C/ ie depth 3

    • We'll have:

    Items: Music, Summary.txt

    • The items encountered in depth 3 traversal relative to C/ are:

          |- C1
          |- C2
              |- C10/
              |- CTX/
                  | - Music
                  | - Summary.txt
  • No items are within the reach of depth -1 relative to B/ since B/ has no children.

  • Items within the reach of depth - relative to CTX/ are:

            | - Music
            | - Summary.txt

Configuring General Settings

drive supports resource configuration files (.driverc) that you can place both globally (in your home directory) and locally(in the mounted drive dir) or in the directory that you are running an operation from, relative to the root. The entries for a .driverc file is in the form a key-value pair where the key is any of the arguments that you'd get from running

drive <command> -h
# e.g
drive push -h

and the value is the argument that you'd ordinarily supply on the commandline. .driverc configurations can be optionally grouped in sections. See https://github.com/odeke-em/drive/issues/778.

For example:

cat << ! >> ~/.driverc
> # My global .driverc file
> export=doc,pdf
> depth=100
> no-prompt=true
> # For lists
> [list]
> depth=2
> long=true
> # For pushes
> [push]
> verbose=false
> # For stats
> [stat]
> depth=3
> # For pulls and pushes
> [pull/push]
> no-clobber=true
> !

cat << ! >> ~/emm.odeke-drive/.driverc
> # The root main .driverc
> depth=-1
> hidden=false
> no-clobber=true
> exports-dir=$HOME/exports
> !

cat << $ >> ~/emm.odeke-drive/fall2015Classes/.driverc
> # My global .driverc file
> exports-dir=$HOME/Desktop/exports
> export=pdf,csv,txt
> hidden=true
> depth=10
> exclude-ops=delete,update
> $

Excluding and Including Objects

drive allows you to specify a '.driveignore' file similar to your .gitignore, in the root directory of the mounted drive. Blank lines and those prefixed by '#' are considered as comments and skipped.

For example:

cat << $ >> .driveignore
> # My drive ignore file
> \.gd$
> \.so$
> \.swp$
> $


  • Pattern matching and suffixes are done by regular expression matching so make sure to use a valid regular expression suffix.

  • Go doesn't have a negative lookahead mechanism ie exclude all but which would normally be achieved in other languages or regex engines by "?!". See https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/golang-nuts/7qgSDWPIh_E. This was reported and requested in issue #535. A use case might be ignoring all but say .bashrc files or .dotfiles. To enable this, prefix "!" at the beginning of the path to achieve this behavior.

Sample .driveignore with the exclude and include clauses combined

cat << $ >> .driveignore
> ^\.
> !^\.bashrc # .bashrc files won't be ignored
> _export$ # _export files are to be ignored
> !must_export$ # the exception to the clause anything with "must_export"$ won't be ignored


The pull command downloads data that does not exist locally but does remotely on Google drive, and may delete local data that is not present on Google Drive. Run it without any arguments to pull all of the files from the current path:

drive pull

To pull and decrypt your data that is stored encrypted at rest on Google Drive, use flag -decryption-password:

See Issue #543

drive pull -decryption-password '$JiME5Umf' influx.txt

Pulling by matches is also supported

cd ~/myDrive/content/2015
drive pull -matches vines docx

To force download from paths that otherwise would be marked with no-changes

drive pull -force

To pull specific files or directories, pass in one or more paths:

drive pull photos/img001.png docs

Pulling by id is also supported

drive pull -id 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPaDdsNzg1dXVjM0E 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPaTVGc1pzODN1NjQ 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPV1NaNFp5WlV3dlU

pull optionally allows you to pull content up to a desired depth.

Say you would like to get just folder items until the second level

drive pull -depth 2 heavy-files summaries

Traverse deep to infinity and beyond

drive pull -depth -1 all-my-files

Pulling starred files is allowed as well

drive pull -starred
drive pull -starred -matches content
drive pull -starred -all # Pull all the starred files that aren't in the trash
drive pull -starred -all -trashed # Pull all the starred files in the trash

Like most commands .driveignore can be used to filter which files to pull.

  • Note: Use drive pull -hidden to also pull files starting with . like .git.

To selectively pull by type e.g file vs directory/folder, you can use flags

  • files
  • directories
drive pull -files a1/b2
drive pull -directories tf1

Verifying Checksums

Due to popular demand, by default, checksum verification is turned off. It was deemed to be quite vigorous and unnecessary for most cases, in which size + modTime differences are sufficient to detect file changes. The discussion stemmed from issue #117.

However, modTime differences on their own do not warrant a resync of the contents of file. Modification time changes are operations of their own and can be made:

  • locally by, touching a file (chtimes).
  • remotely by just changing the modTime meta data.

To turn checksum verification back on:

drive pull -ignore-checksum=false

drive also supports piping pulled content to stdout which can be accomplished by:

drive pull -piped path1 path2
  • In relation to issue #529, you can change the max retry counts for exponential backoff. Using a count < 0 falls back to the default count of 20: shell drive pull -retry-count 14 documents/2016/March videos/2013/September

Exporting Docs

By default, the pull command will export Google Docs documents as PDF files. To specify other formats, use the -export option:

drive pull -export pdf,rtf,docx,txt

To explicitly export instead of using -force

drive pull -export pdf,rtf,docx,txt -explicitly-export

By default, the exported files will be placed in a new directory suffixed by \_exports in the same path. To export the files to a different directory, use the -exports-dir option:

drive pull -export pdf,rtf,docx,txt -exports-dir ~/Desktop/exports

Otherwise, you can export files to the same directory as requested in issue #660, by using pull flag -same-exports-dir. For example:

drive pull -explicitly-export -exports-dir ~/Desktop/exp -export pdf,txt,odt -same-exports-dir 
+ /test-exports/few.docs
+ /test-exports/few
+ /test-exports/influx
Addition count 3
Proceed with the changes? [Y/n]:y
Exported '/Users/emmanuelodeke/[email protected]/test-exports/influx' to '/Users/emmanuelodeke/Desktop/exp/influx.pdf'
Exported '/Users/emmanuelodeke/[email protected]/test-exports/influx' to '/Users/emmanuelodeke/Desktop/exp/influx.txt'
Exported '/Users/emmanuelodeke/[email protected]/test-exports/few' to '/Users/emmanuelodeke/Desktop/exp/few.pdf'
Exported '/Users/emmanuelodeke/[email protected]/test-exports/few.docs' to '/Users/emmanuelodeke/Desktop/exp/few.docs.txt'
Exported '/Users/emmanuelodeke/[email protected]/test-exports/few.docs' to '/Users/emmanuelodeke/Desktop/exp/few.docs.odt'
Exported '/Users/emmanuelodeke/[email protected]/test-exports/few.docs' to '/Users/emmanuelodeke/Desktop/exp/few.docs.pdf'

Supported formats:

  • doc, docx
  • jpeg, jpg
  • gif
  • html
  • odt
  • ods
  • rtf
  • pdf
  • png
  • ppt, pptx
  • svg
  • txt, text
  • xls, xlsx


The push command uploads data to Google Drive to mirror data stored locally.

Like pull, you can run it without any arguments to push all of the files from the current path, or you can pass in one or more paths to push specific files or directories.

push also allows you to push content up to a desired traversal depth e.g

drive push -depth 1 head-folders

drive push path expects the path to be within the context of the drive. If the drive is locally at ~/grdrive, drive push ~/xyz.txt may not execute as desired. Each path should reference a file or directory under the root directory of the mounted directory.

You can also push multiple paths that are children of the root of the mounted drive to a destination,

in relation to issue #612, using key -destination:

For example to push the content of music/Travi$+Future, integrals/complex/compilations directly to a1/b2/c3:

drive push -destination a1/b2/c3 music/Travi$+Future integrals/complex/compilations

To enable checksum verification during a push:

drive push -ignore-checksum=false

To keep your data encrypted at rest remotely on Google Drive:

drive push -encryption-password '$JiME5Umf' influx.txt

For E2E discussions, see issue #543:

drive also supports pushing content piped from stdin which can be accomplished by:

drive push -piped path

To selectively push by type e.g file vs directory/folder, you can use flags

  • files
  • directories
drive push -files a1/b2
drive push -directories tf1

Like most commands .driveignore can be used to filter which files to push.

  • Note: Use drive push -hidden to also push files starting with . like .git.

Here is an example using drive to backup the current working directory. It pushes a tar.gz archive created on the fly. No archive file is made on the machine running the command, so it doesn't waste disk space.

tar czf - . | drive push -piped backup-$(date +"%m-%d-%Y-"%T"").tar.gz
  • Note:

    • In response to #107 and numerous other issues related to confusion about clashing paths, drive can now auto-rename clashing files. Use flag -fix-clashes during a pull or push, and drive will try to rename clashing files by adding a unique suffix at the end of the name, but right before the extension of a file (if the extension exists). If you haven't passed in the above -fix-clashes flag, drive will abort on trying to deal with clashing names. If you'd like to turn off this safety, pass in flag -ignore-name-clashes
    • In relation to #57 and @rakyll's #49. A couple of scenarios in which data was getting totally clobbered and unrecoverable, drive now tries to play it safe and warn you if your data could potentially be lost e.g during a to-disk clobber for which you have no backup. At least with a push you have the luxury of untrashing content. To disable this safety, run drive with flag -ignore-conflict e.g:
    drive pull -ignore-conflict collaboration_documents

    Playing the safety card even more, if you want to get changes that are non clobberable ie only additions run drive with flag -no-clobber e.g:

    drive pull -no-clobber Makefile
    • Ordinarily your system will not traverse nested symlinks e.g: shell mkdir -p a/b mkdir -p ~/Desktop/z1/z2 && ls ~ > ~/Desktop/z1/z2/listing.txt ln -s ~/Desktop/z1/z2 a/b ls -R a # Should print only z2 and nothing inside it.

    However in relation to #80, for purposes of consistency with your Drive, traversing symlinks has been added.

For safety with non clobberable changes i.e only additions:

drive push -no-clobber
  • Due to the reasons above, drive should be able to warn you in case of total clobbers on data. To turn off this behaviour/safety, pass in the -ignore-conflict flag i.e:
drive push -force sure_of_content

To push without user input (i.e. without prompt)

drive push -quiet


drive push -no-prompt

To get Google Drive to convert a file to its native Google Docs format

drive push -convert

Extra features: to make Google Drive attempt Optical Character Recognition (OCR) for png, gif, pdf and jpg files.

drive push -ocr

Note: To use OCR, your account should have this feature. You can find out if your account has OCR allowed.

drive features

Pulling And Pushing Notes

  • MimeType inference is from the file's extension.

If you would like to coerce a certain mimeType that you'd prefer to assert with Google Drive pushes, use flag -coerce-mime <short-key> See List of MIME type short keys for the full list of short keys.

drive push -coerce-mime docx my_test_doc
  • Excluding certain operations can be done both for pull and push by passing in flag -exclude-ops


drive pull -exclude-ops "delete,update" vines
drive push -exclude-ops "create" sensitive_files
  • To show more information during pushes or pulls e.g show the current operation, pass in option -verbose e.g:
drive pull -verbose 2015/Photos content
drive push -verbose Music Fall2014
  • In relation to issue #529, you can change the max retry counts for exponential backoff. Using a count < 0 falls back to the default count of 20:

    drive push -retry-count 4 a/bc/def terms
  • You can also specify the upload chunk size to be used to push each file, by using flag -upload-chunk-size whose value is in bytes. If you don't specify this flag, by default the internal Google APIs use a value of 8MiB from constant googleapi.DefaultUploadChunkSize. Please note that your value has to be a multiple of and atleast the minimum upload chunksize of 256KiB from constant googleapi.MinUploadChunkSize. See https://godoc.org/google.golang.org/api/googleapi#pkg-constants. If -upload-chunk-size is not set yet -upload-rate-limit is, -upload-chunk-size will be the same as -upload-rate-limit.

  • To limit the upload bandwidth, please set -upload-rate-limit=n. It's in n KiB/s, default is unlimited.

End to End Encryption

See Issue #543

This can be toggled when you supply a non-empty password ie

  • -encryption-password for a push.
  • -decryption-password for a pull.

When you supply argument -encryption-password during a push, drive will encrypt your data and store it remotely encrypted(stored encrypted at rest), it can only be decrypted by you when you perform a pull with the respective arg -decryption-password.

drive push -encryption-password '$400lsGO1Di3' few-ones.mp4 newest.mkv
drive pull -decryption-password '$400lsGO1Di3' few-ones.mp4 newest.mkv

If you supply the wrong password, you'll be warned if it cannot be decrypted

$ drive pull -decryption-password "4nG5troM" few-ones.mp4 newest.mkv
message corrupt or incorrect password

To pull normally push or pull your content, without attempting any *cryption attempts, skip passing in a password and no attempts will be made.


The pub command publishes a file or directory globally so that anyone can view it on the web using the link returned.

drive pub photos
  • Publishing by fileId is also supported
drive pub -id 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPV1NaNFp5WlV3dlU 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPSTZEanBsamZjUXM


The unpub command is the opposite of pub. It unpublishes a previously published file or directory.

drive unpub photos
  • Publishing by fileId is also supported
drive unpub -id 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPV1NaNFp5WlV3dlU 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPSTZEanBsamZjUXM

Sharing and Emailing

The share command enables you to share a set of files with specific users and assign them specific roles as well as specific generic access to the files. It also allows for email notifications on share.

drive share -emails [email protected],[email protected] -message "This is the substring file I told you about" -role reader,writer -type group mnt/substringfinder.c projects/kmp.c
$ drive share -emails [email protected],[email protected] -role reader,commenter -type user influx traversal/notes/conquest

For example to share a file with users of a mailing list and a custom message

drive share -emails [email protected] -message "Here is the drive code" -role group mnt/drive
  • By default, an email notification is sent (even if -message is not specfified). To turn off email notification, use -notify=false
$ drive share -notify=false -emails [email protected],[email protected] -role reader,commenter -type user influx traversal/notes/conquest
  • The share command also supports sharing by fileId
drive share -emails [email protected] -message "Developers, developers developers" -id 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPeHRfRHRRU0dIY97 0fM9rt0Yc9kJRPSTFNk9kSTVvb0U
drive share -with-link ComedyPunchlineDrumSound.mp3


The unshare command revokes access of a specific accountType to a set of files.

When no -role is given it by default assumes you want to revoke all access ie "reader", "writer", "commenter"

drive unshare -type group mnt/drive
drive unshare -emails  [email protected],[email protected] -type user,group -role reader,commenter infinity newfiles/confidential
  • Also supports unsharing by fileId
drive unshare -type group -id 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPeHRfRHRRU0dIY97 0fM9rt0Yc9kJRPSTFNk9kSTVvb0U

Starring Or Unstarring

To star or unstar documents,

drive star information quest/A/B/C
drive star -id 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPaDdsNzg1dXVjM0E 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPaTVGc1pzODN1NjQ 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPV1NaNFp5WlV3dlU
drive unstar information quest/A/B/C
drive unstar -id 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPaDdsNzg1dXVjM0E 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPaTVGc1pzODN1NjQ 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPV1NaNFp5WlV3dlU


The diff command compares local files with their remote equivalents. It allows for multiple paths to be passed in e.g

drive diff changeLogs.log notes sub-folders/

You can diff to a desired depth

drive diff -depth 2 sub-folders/ contacts/ listings.txt

You can also switch the base, either local or remote by using flag -base-local

drive diff -base-local=true assignments photos # To use local as the base
drive diff -base-local=false infocom photos # To use remote as the base

You can only diff for short changes that is only name differences, file modTimes and types, you can use flag -skip-content-check.

drive diff -skip-content-check


Files that exist remotely can be touched i.e their modification time updated to that on the remote server using the touch command:

drive touch Photos/img001.png logs/log9907.txt

For example to touch all files that begin with digits 0 to 9:

drive touch -matches $(seq 0 9)
  • Also supports touching of files by fileId
drive touch -id 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPeHRfRHRRU0dIY97 0fM9rt0Yc9kJRPSTFNk9kSTVvb0U
  • You can also touch files to a desired depth of nesting within their parent folders.
drive touch -depth 3 mnt newest flux
drive touch -depth -1 -id 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPeHRfRHRRU0dIY97 0fM9rt0Yc9kJRPSTFNk9kSTVvb0U
drive touch -depth 1 -matches $(seq 0 9)
  • You can also touch and explicitly set the modification time for files by:

    drive touch -time 20120202120000 ComedyPunchlineDrumSound.mp3
    /share-testing/ComedyPunchlineDrumSound.mp3: 2012-02-02 12:00:00 +0000 UTC
  • Specify the time format that you'd like to use when specifying the time e.g

    drive touch -format "2006-01-02-15:04:05.0000Z" -time "2016-02-03-08:12:15.0070Z" outf.go
    /share-testing/outf.go: 2016-02-03 08:12:15 +0000 UTC

    The mentioned time format has to be relative to how you would represent "Mon Jan 2 15:04:05 -0700 MST 2006". See the documentation for time formatting here time.Parse

  • Specify the touch time offset from the clock on your machine where:

  • minus(-) means ago e.g 30 hours ago -> -30h

  • blank or plus(+) means from now e.g 10 minutes -> 10m or +10m

    drive touch -duration -30h ComedyPunchlineDrumSound.mp3 outf.go
    /share-testing/outf.go: 2016-09-10 08:06:39 +0000 UTC
    /share-testing/ComedyPunchlineDrumSound.mp3: 2016-09-10 08:06:39 +0000 UTC

Trashing And Untrashing

Files can be trashed using the trash command:

drive trash Demo

To trash files that contain a prefix match e.g all files that begin with Untitled, or Make

Note: This option uses the current working directory as the parent that the paths belong to.

drive trash -matches Untitled Make

Files that have been trashed can be restored using the untrash command:

drive untrash Demo

To untrash files that match a certain prefix pattern

drive untrash -matches pQueue photos Untitled
  • Also supports trashing/untrashing by fileId
drive trash -id 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPeHRfRHRRU0dIY97 0fM9rt0Yc9kJRPSTFNk9kSTVvb0U
drive untrash -id 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPeHRfRHRRU0dIY97 0fM9rt0Yc9kJRPSTFNk9kSTVvb0U

Emptying The Trash

Emptying the trash will permanently delete all trashed files. Caution: They cannot be recovered after running this command.

drive emptytrash


Deleting items will PERMANENTLY remove the items from your drive. This operation is irreversible.

drive delete flux.mp4
drive delete -matches onyx swp
  • Also supports deletion by fileIds
drive delete -id 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPeHRfRHRRU0dIY97 0fM9rt0Yc9kJRPSTFNk9kSTVvb0U


The list command shows a paginated list of files present remotely.

Run it without arguments to list all files in the current directory's remote equivalent:

drive list

Pass in a directory path to list files in that directory:

drive list photos

To list matches

drive list -matches mp4 go

The -trashed option can be specified to show trashed files in the listing:

drive list -trashed photos

To get detailed information about the listings e.g owner information and the version number of all listed files:

drive list -owners -l -version
  • Also supports listing by fileIds
drive list -depth 3 -id 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPeHRfRHRRU0dIY97 0fM9rt0Yc9kJRPSTFNk9kSTVvb0U
  • Listing allows for sorting by fields e.g name, version, size,modtime, lastModifiedByMeTimelvt,md5. To do this in reverse order, suffix_ror-` to the selected key

e.g to first sort by modTime, then largest-to-smallest and finally most number of saves:

drive list -sort modtime,size_r,version_r Photos
  • For advanced listing
drive list -skip-mime mp4,doc,txt
drive list -match-mime xls,docx
drive list -exact-title url_test,Photos


The stat commands show detailed file information for example people with whom it is shared, their roles and accountTypes, and fileId etc. It is useful to help determine whom and what you want to be set when performing share/unshare

drive stat mnt

By default stat won't recursively stat a directory, to enable recursive stating:

drive stat -r mnt
  • Also supports stat-ing by fileIds
drive stat -r -id 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPeHRfRHRRU0dIY97 0fM9rt0Yc9kJRPSTFNk9kSTVvb0U


drive stat -depth 4 -id 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPeHRfRHRRU0dIY97 0fM9rt0Yc9kJRPSTFNk9kSTVvb0U

Printing URL

The url command prints out the url of a file. It allows you to specify multiple paths relative to root or even by id

drive url Photos/2015/07/Releases intros/flux
drive url -id  0Bz5qQkvRAeVEV0JtZl4zVUZFWWx  1Pwu8lzYc9RTPTEpwYjhRMnlSbDQ 0Cz5qUrvDBeX4RUFFbFZ5UXhKZm8

Editing Description

You can edit the description of a file like this

drive edit-desc -description "This is a new file description" freshFolders/1.txt commonCore/
drive edit-description -description "This is a new file description" freshFolders/1.txt commonCore/

Even more conveniently by piping content

cat fileDescriptions | drive edit-desc -piped  targetFile influx/1.txt

Retrieving MD5 Checksums

The md5sum command quickly retrieves the md5 checksums of the files on your drive. The result can be fed into the "md5sum -c" shell command to validate the integrity of the files on Drive versus the local copies.

Check that files on Drive are present and match local files:

~/MyDrive/folder$ drive md5sum | md5sum -c

Do a two-way diff (will also locate files missing on either side)

~/MyDrive/folder$ diff <(drive md5sum) <(md5sum *)

Same as above, but include subfolders

~/MyDrive/folder$ diff <(drive md5sum -r) <(find * -type f | sort | xargs md5sum)

Compare across two different Drive accounts, including subfolders

~$ diff <(drive md5sum -r MyDrive/folder) <(drive md5sum -r OtherDrive/otherfolder)
  • Note: Running the 'drive md5sum' command retrieves pre-computed md5 sums from Drive; its speed is proportional to the number of files on Drive. Running the shell 'md5sum' command on local files requires reading through the files; its speed is proportional to the size of the files._

Retrieving FileId

You can retrieve just the fileId for specified paths

drive id [-depth n] [paths...]
drive file-id [-depth n] [paths...]

For example:

drive file-id -depth 2 dup-tests bug-reproductions
# drive file-id -depth 2 dup-tests bug-reproductions
FileId                                           Relative Path
"0By5qKlgRJeV2NB1OTlpmSkg8TFU"                   "/dup-tests"
"0Bz5wQlgRJeP2QkRSenBTaUowU3c"                   "/dup-tests/influx_0"
"0Cu5wQlgRJeV2d2VmY29HV217TFE"                   "/dup-tests/a"
"0Cy5wQlgRJeX2WXVFMnQyQ2NDRTQ"                   "/dup-tests/influx"
"0Cy5wQlgRJeP2YGMiOC15OEpUZnM"                   "/bug-reproductions"
"0Cy5wQlgRJeV2MzFtTm50NVV5NW8"                   "/bug-reproductions/drive-406"
"1xmXPziMPEgq2dK-JqaUytKz_By8S_7_RVY79ceRoZwv"   "info-bulletins"

Retrieving Quota

The quota command prints information about your drive, such as the account type, bytes used/free, and the total amount of storage available.

drive quota

Retrieving Features

The features command provides information about the features present on the drive being queried and the request limit in queries per second

drive features


drive allows you to create an empty file or folder remotely Sample usage:

drive new -folder flux
drive new -mime-key doc bofx
drive new -mime-key folder content
drive new -mime-key presentation ProjectsPresentation
drive new -mime-key sheet Hours2015Sept
drive new -mime-key form taxForm2016 taxFormCounty
drive new flux.txt oxen.pdf # Allow auto type resolution from the extension


The open command allows for files to be opened by the default file browser, default web browser, either by path or by id for paths that exist atleast remotely

drive open -file-browser=false -web-browser f1/f2/f3 jamaican.mp4
drive open -file-browser -id 0Bz8qQkpZAeV9T1PObvs2Y3BMQEj 0Y9jtQkpXAeV9M1PObvs4Y3BNRFk


drive allows you to copy content remotely without having to explicitly download and then reupload.

drive copy -r blobStore.py mnt flagging
drive copy blobStore.py blobStoreDuplicated.py
  • Also supports copying by fileIds
drive copy -r -id 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPeHRfRHRRU0dIY97 0fM9rt0Yc9kJRPSTFNk9kSTVvb0U ../content


drive allows you to move content remotely between folders. To do so:

drive move photos/2015 angles library archives/storage
  • Also supports moving by fileId
drive move -id 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPeHRfRHRRU0dIY97 0fM9rt0Yc9kJRPSTFNk9kSTVvb0U ../../new_location

Google Drive supports multi-parent folder structure, where one file/folder can be placed in more than one parent folder. It consumes no extra disk space on the Cloud, but after pulling such structure it may double your files several times in your file structure. Pushing non deduplicated folder structures back may also break things, so be careful.

To place file/folder into new parent folder, keeping old one as well, use -keep-parent option

$ drive move -keep-parent photos/2015 angles library second_parent_folder


drive allows you to rename a file/folder remotely. Two arguments are required to rename ie <relativePath/To/source or Id> <newName>.

To perform a rename:

drive rename url_test url_test_results
drive rename openSrc/2015 2015-Contributions
  • Also supports renaming by fileId
drive rename 0fM9rt0Yc9RTPeHRfRHRRU0dIY97 fluxing

To turn off renaming locally or remotely, use flags -local=false or -remote=false. By default both are turned on.

For example

drive rename -local=false -remote=true a/b/c/d/e/f flux

Command Aliases

drive supports a few aliases to make usage familiar to the utilities in your shell e.g:

  • cp : copy
  • ls : list
  • mv : move
  • rm : delete

Detecting And Fixing Clashes

You can deal with clashes by using command drive clashes.

  • To list clashes, you can do
drive clashes [-depth n] [paths...]
drive clashes -list [-depth n] [paths...] # To be more explicit
  • To fix clashes, you can do:
drive clashes -fix [-fix-mode mode] [-depth n] [paths...]

There are two available modes for -fix-mode:

  • rename: this is the default behavior
  • trash: trashing both new and old files

.desktop Files

As previously mentioned, Google Docs, Drawings, Presentations, Sheets etc and all files affiliated with docs.google.com cannot be downloaded raw but only exported. Due to popular demand, Linux users desire the ability to have *.desktop files that enable the file to be opened appropriately by an external opener. Thus by default on Linux, drive will create *.desktop files for files that fall into this category.

To turn off this behavior, you can set flag -desktop-links to false e.g

drive pull -desktop-links=false

Fetching And Pruning Missing Index Files

  • index

If you would like to fetch missing index files for files that would otherwise not need any modifications, run:

drive index path1 path2 path3/path3.1 # To fetch any missing indices in those paths
drive index -id 0CLu4lbUI9RTRM80k8EMoe5JQY2z

You can also fetch specific files by prefix matches

drive index -matches mp3 jpg
  • prune

In case you might have deleted files remotely but never using drive, and feel like you have stale indices, running drive index -prune will search your entire indices dir for index files that do not exist remotely and remove those ones

drive index -prune
  • prune-and-index To combine both operations (prune and then fetch) for indices:
drive index -all-ops

Drive server

To enable services like qr-code sharing, you'll need to have the server running that will serve content once invoked in a web browser to allow for resources to be accessed on another device e.g your mobile phone

go get github.com/odeke-em/drive/drive-server && drive-server




  • DRIVE_SERVER_PORT : default is 8010
  • DRIVE_SERVER_HOST : default is localhost

If the above keys are not set in your env, you can do this

DRIVE_SERVER_PUB_KEY=<pub_key> DRIVE_SERVER_PRIV_KEY=<priv_key> [DRIVE...] drive-server

QR Code Share

Instead of traditionally copying long links, drive can now allow you to share a link to a file by means of a QR code that is generated after a redirect through your web browser.

From then on, you can use your mobile device or any other QR code reader to get to that file. In order for this to run, you have to have the drive-server running

As long as the server is running on a known domain, then you can start the qr-link getting ie

drive qr vines/kevin-hart.mp4 notes/caches.pdf
drive qr -address books/newest.pdf maps/infoGraphic.png
drive qr -address https://my.server books/newest.pdf maps/infoGraphic.png

That should open up a browser with the QR code that when scanned will open up the desired file.


The about command provides information about the program as well as that about your Google Drive. Think of it as a hybrid between the features and quota commands.

drive about

OR for detailed information

drive about -features -quota


Run the help command without any arguments to see information about the commands that are available:

drive help

Pass in the name of a command to get information about that specific command and the options that can be passed to it.

drive help push

To get help for all the commands

drive help all

Filing Issues

In case of any issue, you can file one by using command issue aka report-issue aka report. It takes flags -title -body -piped.

  • If -piped is set, it expects to read the body from standard input.

A successful issue-filing request will open up the project's issue tracker in your web browser.

drive issue -title "Can't open my file" -body "Drive trips out every time"
drive report-issue -title "Can't open my file" -body "Drive trips out every time"
cat bugReport.txt | drive issue -piped -title "push: dump on pushing from this directory"

Revoking Account Access

To revoke OAuth Access of drive to your account, when logged in with your Google account, go to https://security.google.com/settings/security/permissions and revoke the desired permissions


To remove drive from your computer, you'll need to take out:

  • $GOPATH/bin/drive
  • $GOPATH/src/github.com/odeke-em/drive
  • $GOPATH/pkg/github.com/odeke-em/drive
  • $GOPATH/pkg/github.com/odeke-em/drive.a

  • Also do not forget to revoke drive's access in case you need to uninstall it.

Applying Patches

To apply patches of code e.g in the midst of bug fixes, you'll just need a little bit of git fiddling.

For example to patch your code with that on remote branch patch-1, you'll need to go into the source code directory, fetch all content from the git remote, checkout the patch branch then run the go installation: something like this.

cd $GOPATH/src/github.com/odeke-em/drive
git fetch --all
git checkout patch-1
git pull origin patch-1
go get github.com/odeke-em/drive/cmd/drive

Why Another Google Drive Client?

Background sync is not just hard, it is stupid. Here are my technical and philosophical rants about why it is not worth to implement:

  • Too racy. Data is shared between your remote resource, local disk and sometimes in your sync daemon's in-memory structs. Any party could touch a file at any time. It is hard to lock these actions. You end up working with multiple isolated copies of the same file and trying to determine which is the latest version that should be synced across different contexts.

  • It requires great scheduling to perform best with your existing environmental constraints. On the other hand, file attribute have an impact on the sync strategy. Large files block -- you wouldn't like to sit on and wait for a VM image to get synced before you can start working on a tiny text file.

  • It needs to read your mind to understand your priorities. Which file do you need most? It needs to read your mind to foresee your future actions. I'm editing a file, and saving the changes time to time. Why not to wait until I feel confident enough to commit the changes remotely?

drive is not a sync daemon, it provides:

  • Upstreaming and downstreaming. Unlike a sync command, we provide pull and push actions. The user has the opportunity to decide what to do with their local copy and when they decide to. Make some changes, either push the file remotely or revert it to the remote version. You can perform these actions with user prompt:

    echo "hello" > hello.txt
    drive push # pushes hello.txt to Google Drive
    echo "more text" >> hello.txt
    drive pull # overwrites the local changes with the remote version
  • Allowing to work with a specific file or directory, optionally not recursively. If you recently uploaded a large VM image to Google Drive, yet only a few text files are required for you to work, simply only push/pull the exact files you'd like to worth with:

    echo "hello" > hello.txt
    drive push hello.txt # pushes only the specified file
    drive pull path/to/a/b path2/to/c/d/e # pulls the remote directory recursively
  • Better I/O scheduling. One of the major goals is to provide better scheduling to improve upload/download times.

  • Possibility to support multiple accounts. Pull from or push to multiple Google Drive remotes. Possibility to support multiple backends. Why not to push to Dropbox or Box as well?

Known Issues

  • It probably doesn't work on Windows.
  • Google Drive allows a directory to contain files/directories with the same name. Client doesn't handle these cases yet. We don't recommend you to use drive if you have such files/directories to avoid data loss.
  • Racing conditions occur if remote is being modified while we're trying to update the file. Google Drive provides resource versioning with ETags, use Etags to avoid racy cases.
  • drive rejects reading from namedPipes because they could infinitely hang. See issue #208.

Reaching Out

Doing anything interesting with drive or want to share your favorite tips and tricks? Check out the wiki and feel free to reach out with ideas for features or requests.


This project is not supported nor maintained by Google.


Copyright 2013 Google Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at


Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the drive README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.