godb is a simple Go ORM. It contains a simple SQL query builder and manages mapping between SQL and structs.

Initially godb was a learning project. The purpose was to improve my Go skills by doing real and usable stuff. But it could be useful for somebody else.

The documentation is as young as the code, but it exists ! You have an example (see below) showing you the main features, and more details in GoDoc : https://godoc.org/github.com/samonzeweb/godb

WARNING : it is still a young project and the public API could change.

Programming language: Go
License: MIT License
Tags: SQL     Database     ORM    
Latest version: v1.0.14

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godb - a Go query builder and struct mapper

Build Status GoDoc

godb is a simple Go query builder and struct mapper, not a full-featured ORM. godb does not manage relationships.

Initially, godb was a learning project. The goal was to improve my Go skills by doing some useful things. But more and more features have been added and godb has become a serious project that can be used by others.

godb is a project that is still young and evolving. The API is almost stable, but it can still change slightly from one version to another. Each new version is associated with a tag, so it is possible to target a particular one if necessary.


  • Queries builder.
  • Mapping between structs and tables (or views).
  • Mapping with nested structs.
  • Execution of custom SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE and DELETE queries with structs and slices.
  • Optional execution of SELECT queries with an iterator to limit memory consumption if needed (e.g. batches).
  • Execution of raw queries, mapping rows to structs.
  • Optimistic Locking
  • SQL queries and durations logs.
  • Two adjustable prepared statements caches (with/without transaction).
  • RETURNING support for PostgreSQL.
  • OUTPUT support for SQL Server.
  • Optional common db errors handling for backend databases.(db.UseErrorParser())
  • Define your own logger (should have Println(...) method)
  • Define model struct name to db table naming with db.SetDefaultTableNamer(yourFn). Supported types are: Plural,Snake,SnakePlural. You can also define TableName() string method to for your struct and return whatever table name will be.
  • BlackListing or WhiteListing columns for struct based inserts and updates.
  • Could by used with
    • SQLite
    • PostgreSQL
    • MySQL / MariaDB
    • MS SQL Server
    • other compatible database if you write an adapter.

I made tests of godb on differents architectures and operating systems : OSX, Windows, Linux, ARM (Cortex A7) and Intel x64.

godb is compatible from Go 1.10 to 1.14 (SQL Server driver requires at least Go 1.8, sync.Map for caching needs at least Go 1.9).


There are three forms of documentation :

  • This README with the example presented below, which gives an overview of what godb allows.
  • The tests in dbtests/common, which are run on the different databases supported.
  • Detailed documentation on GoDoc: https://godoc.org/github.com/samonzeweb/godb


go get github.com/samonzeweb/godb

Install the required driver (see tests). You cas use multiple databases if needed.

Of course you can also use a dependency management tool like dep.

Running Tests

godb tests use GoConvey and at least SQLite :

go get github.com/smartystreets/goconvey
go get github.com/mattn/go-sqlite3

To run tests, go into the godb directory and executes go test ./...

SQLite tests are done with in memory database, it's fast. You can run tests with others databases, see below.

With the exception of SQLite, all drivers are pure Go code, and does not require external dependencies.

Test with PostgreSQL

Install the driver and set the GODB_POSTGRESQL environment variable with the PostgreSQL connection string.

go get github.com/lib/pq
GODB_POSTGRESQL="your connection string" go test ./...

Test with MySQL / MariaDB

Install the driver and set the GODB_MYSQL environment variable with the MySQL connection string.

go get github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql
GODB_MYSQL="your connection string" go test ./...

Test with MS SQL Server

Install the driver and set the GODB_MSSQL environment variable with the SQL Server connection string.

go get github.com/denisenkom/go-mssqldb
GODB_MSSQL="your connection string" go test ./...

Test all with Docker

Using Docker you can test with SQLite, PostgreSQL, MariaDB and SQL Server with the testallwithdocker.sh shell script.

SQL Server is greedy, on OSX allow at least 4Go to Docker.

If the containers are slow to start, the script could wait before accessing them. Simply add the time to wait in seconds as arguments :

./testallwithdocker.sh 15


The example below illustrates the main features of godb.

You can copy the code into an example.go file and run it. You need to create the database and the books table as explained in the code.

package main

import (


  To run this example, initialize a SQLite3 DB called 'library.db' and add
  a 'books' table like this :

  create table books (
    id        integer not null primary key autoincrement,
    title     text    not null,
    author    text    not null,
    published date    not null);

// Struct and its mapping
type Book struct {
    Id        int       `db:"id,key,auto"`
    Title     string    `db:"title"`
    Author    string    `db:"author"`
    Published time.Time `db:"published"`

// Optional, default if the struct name (Book)
func (*Book) TableName() string {
    return "books"

// See "group by" example
type CountByAuthor struct {
    Author string `db:"author"`
    Count  int    `db:"count"`

func main() {
    // Examples fixtures
    var authorTolkien = "J.R.R. tolkien"

    var bookTheHobbit = Book{
        Title:     "The Hobbit",
        Author:    authorTolkien,
        Published: time.Date(1937, 9, 21, 0, 0, 0, 0, time.UTC),

    var bookTheFellowshipOfTheRing = Book{
        Title:     "The Fellowship of the Ring",
        Author:    authorTolkien,
        Published: time.Date(1954, 7, 29, 0, 0, 0, 0, time.UTC),

    var bookTheTwoTowers = Book{
        Title:     "The Two Towers",
        Author:    authorTolkien,
        Published: time.Date(1954, 11, 11, 0, 0, 0, 0, time.UTC),

    var bookTheReturnOfTheKing = Book{
        Title:     "The Return of the King",
        Author:    authorTolkien,
        Published: time.Date(1955, 10, 20, 0, 0, 0, 0, time.UTC),

    var setTheLordOfTheRing = []Book{

    // Connect to the DB
    db, err := godb.Open(sqlite.Adapter, "./library.db")
    // OPTIONAL: Set logger to show SQL execution logs
    db.SetLogger(log.New(os.Stderr, "", 0))
    // OPTIONAL: Set default table name building style from struct's name(if active struct doesn't have TableName() method)
    // Single insert (id will be updated)
    err = db.Insert(&bookTheHobbit).Do()

    // Multiple insert
    // Warning : BulkInsert only update ids with PostgreSQL and SQL Server!
    err = db.BulkInsert(&setTheLordOfTheRing).Do()

    // Count
    count, err := db.SelectFrom("books").Count()
    fmt.Println("Books count : ", count)

    // Custom select
    countByAuthor := make([]CountByAuthor, 0, 0)
    err = db.SelectFrom("books").
        Columns("author", "count(*) as count").
        Having("count(*) > 3").
    fmt.Println("Count by authors : ", countByAuthor)

    // Select single object
    singleBook := Book{}
    err = db.Select(&singleBook).
        Where("title = ?", bookTheHobbit.Title).
    if err == sql.ErrNoRows {
        // sql.ErrNoRows is only returned when the target is a single instance
        fmt.Println("Book not found !")
    } else {

    // Select single record values
    authorName := ""
    title := ""
    err = db.SelectFrom("books").
        Where("title = ?", bookTheHobbit.Title).
        Columns("author", "title").
        Scanx(&authorName, &title)
    if err == sql.ErrNoRows {
        // sql.ErrNoRows is only returned when the target is a single instance
        fmt.Println("Book not found !")
    } else {

    // Select multiple objects
    multipleBooks := make([]Book, 0, 0)
    err = db.Select(&multipleBooks).Do()
    fmt.Println("Books found : ", len(multipleBooks))

    // Iterator
    iter, err := db.SelectFrom("books").
        Columns("id", "title", "author", "published").
    for iter.Next() {
        book := Book{}
        err := iter.Scan(&book)

    // Raw query
    subQuery := godb.NewSQLBuffer(0, 0). // sizes are indicative
                        Write("select author ").
                        Write("from books ").
                        WriteCondition(godb.Q("where title = ?", bookTheHobbit.Title))

    queryBuffer := godb.NewSQLBuffer(64, 0).
        Write("select * ").
        Write("from books ").
        Write("where author in (").


    books := make([]Book, 0, 0)
    err = db.RawSQL(queryBuffer.SQL(), queryBuffer.Arguments()...).Do(&books)
    fmt.Printf("Raw query found %d books\n", len(books))

    // Update and transactions
    err = db.Begin()

    updated, err := db.UpdateTable("books").Set("author", "Tolkien").Do()
    fmt.Println("Books updated : ", updated)

    bookTheHobbit.Author = "Tolkien"
    err = db.Update(&bookTheHobbit).Do()
    fmt.Println("Books updated : ", updated)

    err = db.Rollback()

    // Delete
    deleted, err := db.Delete(&bookTheHobbit).Do()
    fmt.Println("Books deleted : ", deleted)

    deleted, err = db.DeleteFrom("books").
            godb.Q("author = ?", authorTolkien),
            godb.Q("author = ?", "Georged Orwell"),
    fmt.Println("Books deleted : ", deleted)

    // Bye
    err = db.Close()

// It's just an example, what did you expect ? (never do that in real code)
func panicIfErr(err error) {
    if err != nil {


Released under the MIT License, see LICENSE.txt for more informations.

*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the godb README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.