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Code Quality Rank: L3
Programming language: Go
License: Apache License 2.0
Tags: GUI    
Latest version: v0.92.1

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README

Robotgo

<!----> <!--Build Status codecov--> <!----> Build Status CircleCI Status Build Status Appveyor Go Report Card GoDoc GitHub release Join the chat at https://gitter.im/go-vgo/robotgo <!-- Release --> <!-- -->

Golang Desktop Automation. Control the mouse, keyboard, bitmap and image, read the screen, process, Window Handle and global event listener.

RobotGo supports Mac, Windows, and Linux(X11); and robotgo supports arm64 and x86-amd64.

Contents

Docs

Binding:

ADB, packaging android adb API.

Robotn, binding JavaScript and other, support more language.

Requirements:

Now, Please make sure Golang, GCC is installed correctly before installing RobotGo.

ALL:

Golang

GCC

For Mac OS X:

Xcode Command Line Tools (And Privacy setting: #277 )

xcode-select --install

For Windows:

MinGW-w64 (Use recommended)

Or the other GCC (But you should compile the "libpng" with yourself when use the bitmap.)

For everything else:

GCC

X11 with the XTest extension (the Xtst library)


"Bitmap":

libpng (Just used by bitmap)

"Event":

xcb, xkb, libxkbcommon

"Clipboard":

xsel xclip
Ubuntu:
# gcc
sudo apt install gcc libc6-dev

# x11
sudo apt install libx11-dev xorg-dev libxtst-dev

# Bitmap
sudo apt install libpng++-dev

# Hook
sudo apt install xcb libxcb-xkb-dev x11-xkb-utils libx11-xcb-dev libxkbcommon-x11-dev libxkbcommon-dev

# Clipboard
sudo apt install xsel xclip
Fedora:
sudo dnf install libXtst-devel 

# Bitmap
sudo dnf install libpng-devel

# Hook
sudo dnf install libxkbcommon-devel libxkbcommon-x11-devel xorg-x11-xkb-utils-devel

# Clipboard
sudo dnf install xsel xclip

Installation:

With Go module support (Go 1.11+), just import:

import "github.com/go-vgo/robotgo"

Otherwise, to install the robotgo package, run the command:

go get github.com/go-vgo/robotgo

png.h: No such file or directory? Please see issues/47.

Update:

go get -u github.com/go-vgo/robotgo

Note go1.10.x C file compilation cache problem, golang #24355. go mod vendor problem, golang #26366.

Examples:

Mouse

package main

import (
  "github.com/go-vgo/robotgo"
)

func main() {
  robotgo.MouseSleep = 100

  robotgo.ScrollMouse(10, "up")
  robotgo.ScrollMouse(20, "right")

  robotgo.Scroll(0, -10)
  robotgo.Scroll(100, 0)

  robotgo.MilliSleep(100)
  robotgo.ScrollSmooth(-10, 6)
  // robotgo.ScrollRelative(10, -100)

  robotgo.Move(10, 20)
  robotgo.MoveRelative(0, -10)
  robotgo.DragSmooth(10, 10)

  robotgo.Click("wheelRight")
  robotgo.Click("left", true)
  robotgo.MoveSmooth(100, 200, 1.0, 10.0)

  robotgo.Toggle("left")
  robotgo.Toggle("left", "up")
}

Keyboard

package main

import (
  "fmt"

  "github.com/go-vgo/robotgo"
)

func main() {
  robotgo.TypeStr("Hello World")
  robotgo.TypeStr("だんしゃり", 0, 1)
  // robotgo.TypeStr("テストする")

  robotgo.TypeStr("Hi, Seattle space needle, Golden gate bridge, One world trade center.")
  robotgo.TypeStr("Hi galaxy, hi stars, hi MT.Rainier, hi sea. こんにちは世界.")
  robotgo.Sleep(1)

  // ustr := uint32(robotgo.CharCodeAt("Test", 0))
  // robotgo.UnicodeType(ustr)

  robotgo.KeySleep = 100
  robotgo.KeyTap("enter")
  // robotgo.TypeStr("en")
  robotgo.KeyTap("i", "alt", "cmd")

  arr := []string{"alt", "cmd"}
  robotgo.KeyTap("i", arr)

  robotgo.MilliSleep(100)
  robotgo.KeyToggle("a")
  robotgo.KeyToggle("a", "up")

  robotgo.WriteAll("Test")
  text, err := robotgo.ReadAll()
  if err == nil {
    fmt.Println(text)
  }
}

Screen

package main

import (
  "fmt"

  "github.com/go-vgo/robotgo"
  "github.com/vcaesar/imgo"
)

func main() {
  x, y := robotgo.GetMousePos()
  fmt.Println("pos: ", x, y)

  color := robotgo.GetPixelColor(100, 200)
  fmt.Println("color---- ", color)

  sx, sy := robotgo.GetScreenSize()
  fmt.Println("get screen size: ", sx, sy)

  bit := robotgo.CaptureScreen(10, 10, 30, 30)
  defer robotgo.FreeBitmap(bit)

  img := robotgo.ToImage(bit)
  imgo.Save("test.png", img)

  num := robotgo.DisplaysNum()
  for i := 0; i < num; i++ {
    robotgo.DisplayID = i
    img1 := robotgo.CaptureImg()
    path1 := "save_" + strconv.Itoa(i)
    robotgo.Save(img1, path1+".png")
    robotgo.SaveJpeg(img1, path1+".jpeg", 50)

    img2 := robotgo.CaptureImg(10, 10, 20, 20)
    robotgo.Save(img2, "test_"+strconv.Itoa(i)+".png")
  }
}

Bitmap

package main

import (
  "fmt"

  "github.com/go-vgo/robotgo"
  "github.com/vcaesar/bitmap"
)

func main() {
  bit := robotgo.CaptureScreen(10, 20, 30, 40)
  // use `defer robotgo.FreeBitmap(bit)` to free the bitmap
  defer robotgo.FreeBitmap(bit)

  fmt.Println("bitmap...", bit)
  img := robotgo.ToImage(bit)
  // robotgo.SavePng(img, "test_1.png")
  robotgo.Save(img, "test_1.png")

  bit2 := robotgo.ToCBitmap(robotgo.ImgToBitmap(img))
  fx, fy := bitmap.Find(bit2)
  fmt.Println("FindBitmap------ ", fx, fy)
  robotgo.Move(fx, fy)

  arr := bitmap.FindAll(bit2)
  fmt.Println("Find all bitmap: ", arr)

  fx, fy = bitmap.Find(bit)
  fmt.Println("FindBitmap------ ", fx, fy)

  bitmap.Save(bit, "test.png")
}

OpenCV

package main

import (
  "fmt"
  "math/rand"

  "github.com/go-vgo/robotgo"
  "github.com/vcaesar/gcv"
  "github.com/vcaesar/bitmap"
)

func main() {
  opencv()
}

func opencv() {
  name := "test.png"
  name1 := "test_001.png"
  robotgo.SaveCapture(name1, 10, 10, 30, 30)
  robotgo.SaveCapture(name)

  fmt.Print("gcv find image: ")
  fmt.Println(gcv.FindImgFile(name1, name))
  fmt.Println(gcv.FindAllImgFile(name1, name))

  bit := bitmap.Open(name1)
  defer robotgo.FreeBitmap(bit)
  fmt.Print("find bitmap: ")
  fmt.Println(bitmap.Find(bit))

  // bit0 := robotgo.CaptureScreen()
  // img := robotgo.ToImage(bit0)
  // bit1 := robotgo.CaptureScreen(10, 10, 30, 30)
  // img1 := robotgo.ToImage(bit1)
  // defer robotgo.FreeBitmapArr(bit0, bit1)
  img := robotgo.CaptureImg()
  img1 := robotgo.CaptureImg(10, 10, 30, 30)

  fmt.Print("gcv find image: ")
  fmt.Println(gcv.FindImg(img1, img))
  fmt.Println()

  res := gcv.FindAllImg(img1, img)
  fmt.Println(res[0].TopLeft.Y, res[0].Rects.TopLeft.X, res)
  x, y := res[0].TopLeft.X, res[0].TopLeft.Y
  robotgo.Move(x, y-rand.Intn(5))
  robotgo.MilliSleep(100)
  robotgo.Click()

  res = gcv.FindAll(img1, img) // use find template and sift
  fmt.Println("find all: ", res)
  res1 := gcv.Find(img1, img)
  fmt.Println("find: ", res1)

  img2, _, _ := robotgo.DecodeImg("test_001.png")
  x, y = gcv.FindX(img2, img)
  fmt.Println(x, y)
}

Event

package main

import (
  "fmt"

  // "github.com/go-vgo/robotgo"
  hook "github.com/robotn/gohook"
)

func main() {
  add()
  low()
  event()
}

func add() {
  fmt.Println("--- Please press ctrl + shift + q to stop hook ---")
  hook.Register(hook.KeyDown, []string{"q", "ctrl", "shift"}, func(e hook.Event) {
    fmt.Println("ctrl-shift-q")
    hook.End()
  })

  fmt.Println("--- Please press w---")
  hook.Register(hook.KeyDown, []string{"w"}, func(e hook.Event) {
    fmt.Println("w")
  })

  s := hook.Start()
  <-hook.Process(s)
}

func low() {
    evChan := hook.Start()
    defer hook.End()

    for ev := range evChan {
        fmt.Println("hook: ", ev)
    }
}

func event() {
  ok := hook.AddEvents("q", "ctrl", "shift")
  if ok {
    fmt.Println("add events...")
  }

  keve := hook.AddEvent("k")
  if keve {
    fmt.Println("you press... ", "k")
  }

  mleft := hook.AddEvent("mleft")
  if mleft {
    fmt.Println("you press... ", "mouse left button")
  }
}

Window

package main

import (
  "fmt"

  "github.com/go-vgo/robotgo"
)

func main() {
  fpid, err := robotgo.FindIds("Google")
  if err == nil {
    fmt.Println("pids... ", fpid)

    if len(fpid) > 0 {
      robotgo.TypeStr("Hi galaxy!", int(fpid[0]))
      robotgo.KeyTap("a", fpid[0], "cmd")

      robotgo.KeyToggle("a", fpid[0])
      robotgo.KeyToggle("a", fpid[0], "up")

      robotgo.ActivePID(fpid[0])

      robotgo.Kill(fpid[0])
    }
  }

  robotgo.ActiveName("chrome")

  isExist, err := robotgo.PidExists(100)
  if err == nil && isExist {
    fmt.Println("pid exists is", isExist)

    robotgo.Kill(100)
  }

  abool := robotgo.Alert("test", "robotgo")
  if abool {
      fmt.Println("[email protected]@@ ", "ok")
  }

  title := robotgo.GetTitle()
  fmt.Println("[email protected]@@ ", title)
}

CrossCompiling

Windows64 to windows32
SET CGO_ENABLED=1
SET GOARCH=386
go build main.go

Other to windows

Install Requirements (Ubuntu, Just used by bitmap.):

sudo apt install gcc-multilib
sudo apt install gcc-mingw-w64
# fix err: zlib.h: No such file or directory
sudo apt install libz-mingw-w64-dev

Build the binary:

GOOS=windows GOARCH=amd64 CGO_ENABLED=1 CC=x86_64-w64-mingw32-gcc CXX=x86_64-w64-mingw32-g++ go build -x ./
// CC=mingw-w64\x86_64-7.2.0-win32-seh-rt_v5-rev1\mingw64\bin\gcc.exe
// CXX=mingw-w64\x86_64-7.2.0-win32-seh-rt_v5-rev1\mingw64\bin\g++.exe

Some discussions and questions, please see issues/228, issues/143.

Authors

Plans

  • Refactor some C code to Go (such as x11, windows)
  • Better multiscreen support
  • Waylad supports
  • Update Window Handle
  • Try support Android and IOS

Contributors

License

Robotgo is primarily distributed under the terms of "both the MIT license and the Apache License (Version 2.0)", with portions covered by various BSD-like licenses.

See LICENSE-APACHE, LICENSE-MIT.


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the robotgo README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.