Popularity
5.5
Growing
Activity
7.7
-
241
5
14

Programming language: Go
License: MIT License
Latest version: v1.3.0

container alternatives and similar packages

Based on the "Dependency Injection" category.
Alternatively, view container alternatives based on common mentions on social networks and blogs.

Do you think we are missing an alternative of container or a related project?

Add another 'Dependency Injection' Package

README

GoDoc Build Status Go Report Card Awesome Coverage Status

Container

GoLobby Container is a lightweight yet powerful IoC dependency injection container for Go projects. It is an easy-to-use and performance-in-mind dependency injection container to be your ultimate requirement.

Documentation

Required Go Versions

It requires Go v1.11 or newer versions.

Installation

To install this package, run the following command in your project directory.

go get github.com/golobby/container/v3

Introduction

GoLobby Container is used to bind abstractions to their implementations. Binding is the process of introducing appropriate concretes (implementations) of abstractions to an IoC container. In this process, you also determine the resolving type, singleton or transient. In singleton bindings, the container provides an instance once and returns it for all the requests. In transient bindings, the container always returns a brand-new instance for each request. After the binding process, you can ask the IoC container to make the appropriate implementation of the abstraction that your code needs. Then your code will depend on abstractions, not implementations!

Quick Start

The following example demonstrates a simple binding and resolving.

// Bind Config (interface) to JsonConfig (struct)
err := container.Singleton(func() Config {
    return &JsonConfig{...}
})

var c Config
err := container.Bind(&c)
// `c` will be the instance of JsonConfig

Typed Binding

Singleton

Singleton binding using Container:

err := container.Singleton(func() Abstraction {
  return Implementation
})

It takes a function (resolver) whose return type is the abstraction and the function body returns the concrete (implementation).

Example for singleton binding:

err := container.Singleton(func() Database {
  return &MySQL{}
})

In the example above, the container makes a MySQL instance once and returns it for all the requests.

Transient

Transient binding is also similar to singleton binding.

Example for transient binding:

err := container.Transient(func() Shape {
  return &Rectangle{}
})

In the example above, the container always returns a brand-new Rectangle instance for each request.

Named Bindings

You may have different concretes for an abstraction. In this case, you can use named bindings instead of typed bindings. Named bindings take a name into account as well. The rest is similar to typed bindings. The following examples demonstrate named bindings.

// Singleton
err := container.NamedSingleton("square" func() Shape {
  return &Rectangle{}
})
err := container.NamedSingleton("rounded" func() Shape {
    return &Circle{}
})

// Transient
err := container.NamedTransient("sql" func() Database {
    return &MySQL{}
})

err := container.NamedTransient("noSql" func() Database {
    return &MongoDB{}
})

Resolving

Container resolves the dependencies with the Resolve(), Call(), and Fill() methods.

Using References

The Resolve() method takes reference of the abstraction type and fills it with the appropriate concrete.

var a Abstraction
err := container.Resolve(&a)
// `a` will be an implementation of the Abstraction

Example of resolving using references:

var m Mailer
err := container.Resolve(&m)
// `m` will be an implementation of the Mailer interface
m.Send("[email protected]", "Hello Milad!")

Example of named resolving using references:

var s Shape
err := container.NamedResolve(&s, "rounded")
// `s` will be an implementation of the Shape that named rounded

Using Closures

The Call() method takes a function (receiver) with arguments of abstractions you need. It will invoke it with parameters of appropriate concretes.

err := container.Call(func(a Abstraction) {
    // `a` will be an implementation of the Abstraction
})

Example of resolving using closures:

err := container.Call(func(db Database) {
  // `db` will be an implementation of the Database interface
  db.Query("...")
})

You can also resolve multiple abstractions like the following example:

err := container.Call(func(db Database, s Shape) {
  db.Query("...")
  s.Area()
})

Since Go reflection doesn't let us know function parameter names, the Call() method cannot resolve named concretes.

Using Structs

The Fill() method takes a struct (pointer) with fields of abstractions you need and fills the fields.

Example of resolving using Structs:

type App struct {
    mailer Mailer   `container:"type"`
    sql Database    `container:"name"`
    noSql Database  `container:"name"`
    x int
}

myApp := App{}

err := container.Fill(&myApp)
// [Typed Bindings]
// `myApp.mailer` will be an implementation of the Mailer interface

// [Named Bindings]
// `myApp.sql` will be a sql implementation of the Database interface
// `myApp.noSql` will be a noSql implementation of the Database interface

// `myApp.x` will be ignored since it has no `container` tag

As for named bindings (struct fields with container: "name" tag), field names must be the same binding name.

Binding time

You can resolve dependencies at the binding time if you need previous bindings for the new one.

Example of resolving in binding time:

// Bind Config to JsonConfig
err := container.Singleton(func() Config {
    return &JsonConfig{...}
})

// Bind Database to MySQL
err := container.Singleton(func(c Config) Database {
    // `c` will be an instance of `JsonConfig`
    return &MySQL{
        Username: c.Get("DB_USERNAME"),
        Password: c.Get("DB_PASSWORD"),
    }
})

Standalone Instance

By default, the Container keeps your bindings in the global instance. Sometimes you may want to create a standalone instance for a part of your application. If so, create a standalone instance like this example:

// returns a container.Container (a Container instance)
c := container.New()

err := c.Singleton(func() Database {
    return &MySQL{}
})

err := c.Call(func(db Database) {
    db.Query("...")
})

The rest stays the same. The global container is still available.

Usage Tips

Performance

The package Container inevitably uses reflection in binding and resolving processes. If performance is a concern, try to bind and resolve the dependencies out of the processes that run many times (for example, HTTP handlers). Place it where that runs only once when you run your application like main and init functions, instead.

License

GoLobby Container is released under the MIT License.


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the container README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.