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Programming language: Go
Tags: Configuration    
Latest version: v1.2.0

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README

envconfig

Build Status GoDoc

envconfig is a library which allows you to parse your configuration from environment variables and fill an arbitrary struct.

See the example to understand how to use it, it's pretty simple.

Supported types

  • Almost all standard types plus time.Duration are supported by default.
  • Slices and arrays
  • Arbitrary structs
  • Custom types via the Unmarshaler interface.

How does it work

envconfig takes the hierarchy of your configuration struct and the names of the fields to create a environment variable key.

For example:

var conf struct {
    Name string
    Shard struct {
        Host string
        Port int
    }
}

This will check for those 3 keys:

  • NAME or name
  • SHARD_HOST, or shard_host
  • SHARD_PORT, or shard_port

Flexible key naming

envconfig supports having underscores in the key names where there is a word boundary. Now, that term is not super explicit, so let me show you an example:

var conf struct {
    Cassandra struct {
        SSLCert string
        SslKey string
    }
}

This will check all of the following keys:

  • CASSANDRA_SSL_CERT, CASSANDRA_SSLCERT, cassandra_ssl_cert, cassandra_sslcert
  • CASSANDRA_SSL_KEY, CASSANDRA_SSLKEY, cassandra_ssl_key, cassandra_sslkey

If that is not good enough, look just below.

Custom environment variable names

envconfig supports custom environment variable names:

var conf struct {
    Name string `envconfig:"myName"`
}

Default values

envconfig supports default values:

var conf struct {
    Name string `envconfig:"default=Vincent"`
}

Optional values

envconfig supports optional values:

var conf struct {
    Name string `envconfig:"optional"`
}

Skipping fields

envconfig supports skipping struct fields:

var conf struct {
    Internal string `envconfig:"-"`
}

Combining multiple options in one tag

You can of course combine multiple options:

var conf struct {
    Name string `envconfig:"default=Vincent,myName"`
}

Slices or arrays

With slices or arrays, the same naming is applied for the slice. To put multiple elements into the slice or array, you need to separate them with a , (will probably be configurable in the future, or at least have a way to escape)

For example:

var conf struct {
    Ports []int
}

This will check for the key PORTS:

  • if your variable is 9000 the slice will contain only 9000
  • if your variable is 9000,100 the slice will contain 9000 and 100

For slices of structs, it's a little more complicated. The same splitting of slice elements is done with a comma, however, each token must follow a specific format like this: {<first field>,<second field>,...}

For example:

var conf struct {
    Shards []struct {
        Name string
        Port int
    }
}

This will check for the key SHARDS. Example variable content: {foobar,9000},{barbaz,20000}

This will result in two struct defined in the Shards slice.

If you want to set default value for slice or array, you have to use ; as separator, instead of ,:

var conf struct {
    Ports []int `envconfig:"default=9000;100"`
}

Same for slices of structs:

var conf struct {
    Shards []struct {
        Name string
        Port int
    } `envconfig:"default={foobar;localhost:2929};{barbaz;localhost:2828}"`
}

Development state

I consider envconfig to be pretty much done.

It has been used extensively at Batch for more than 5 years now without much problems, with no need for new features either.

So, while I will keep maintaining this library (fixing bugs, making it compatible with new versions of Go and so on) for the foreseeable future, I don't plan on adding new features.

But I'm open to discussion so if you have a need for a particular feature we can discuss it.