Popularity
4.6
Growing
Activity
6.3
-
129
1
17

Programming language: Go
License: MIT License
Tags: Third-party APIs    
Latest version: v1.7.2

go-lark alternatives and similar packages

Based on the "Third-party APIs" category.
Alternatively, view lark alternatives based on common mentions on social networks and blogs.

Do you think we are missing an alternative of go-lark or a related project?

Add another 'Third-party APIs' Package

README

go-lark

build codecov Go Report Card Go Reference Mentioned in Awesome Go

简体中文

go-lark is an easy-to-use SDK for Feishu and Lark Open Platform, which implements messaging APIs, with full-fledged supports on building Chat Bot and Notification Bot.

It is widely used and tested by ~450 ByteDance in-house developers with over 1.5k Go packages.

Features

  • Notification bot & chat bot supported
  • Send messages (Group, Private, Rich Text, and Card)
  • Quick to build message with MsgBuffer
  • Easy to create incoming message hook
  • Encryption and token verification supported
  • Middleware support for Gin web framework
  • Highly extensible
  • Documentation & tests

Installation

go get github.com/go-lark/lark

Quick Start

Prerequisite

There are two types of bot that is supported by go-lark. We need to create a bot manually.

Chat Bot:

Notification Bot:

  • Create from group chat.
  • Web Hook URL is required.

Sending Message

Chat Bot:

import "github.com/go-lark/lark"

func main() {
    bot := lark.NewChatBot("<App ID>", "<App Secret>")
    bot.StartHeartbeat()
    bot.PostText("hello, world", lark.WithEmail("[email protected]"))
}

Notification Bot:

import "github.com/go-lark/lark"

func main() {
    bot := lark.NewNotificationBot("<WEB HOOK URL>")
    bot.PostNotification("title", "text")
}

Feishu/Lark API offers more features, please refers to Usage for further documentation.

Limits

  • go-lark is tested on Feishu endpoints, which literally compats Lark endpoints, because Feishu and Lark basically shares the same API specification. We do not guarantee all of the APIs work well with Lark, until we have tested it on Lark.
  • go-lark only supports Custom App. Marketplace App is not supported yet.
  • go-lark implements bot and messaging API, other APIs such as Lark Doc, Calendar and so so are not supported.
  • go-lark implements API in v3/v4 version* (official documents may also mention im/v1 version) and event with Schema 1.0.

Switch to Lark Endpoints

The default API endpoints are for Feishu, in order to switch to Lark, we should use SetDomain:

bot := lark.NewChatBot("<App ID>", "<App Secret>")
bot.SetDomain(lark.DomainLark)

Usage

Auth

Auto-renewable authentication:

// initialize a chat bot with appID and appSecret
bot := lark.NewChatBot(appID, appSecret)
// Renew access token periodically
bot.StartHeartbeat()
// Stop renewal
bot.StopHeartbeat()

Single-pass authentication:

bot := lark.NewChatBot(appID, appSecret)
resp, err := bot.GetTenantAccessTokenInternal(true)
// and we can now access the token value with `bot.tenantAccessToken()`

Example: examples/auth

Messaging

For Chat Bot, we can send simple messages with the following method:

  • PostText
  • PostTextMention
  • PostTextMentionAll
  • PostImage
  • PostShareChatCard

Basic message examples: examples/basic-message

To build rich messages, we may use Message Buffer (or simply MsgBuffer), which builds message conveniently with chaining methods.

Examples

Apart from the general auth and messaging chapter, there are comprehensive examples for almost all APIs. Here is a collection of ready-to-run examples for each part of go-lark:

Message Buffer

We can build message body with MsgBuffer and send with PostMessage, which supports the following message types:

  • MsgText: Text
  • MsgPost: Rich Text
  • MsgInteractive: Interactive Card
  • MsgShareCard: Group Share Card
  • MsgShareUser: User Share Card
  • MsgImage: Image
  • MsgFile: File
  • MsgAudio: Audio
  • MsgMedia: Media
  • MsgSticker: Sticker

MsgBuffer provides binding functions and content functions.

Binding functions:

Function Usage Comment
BindChatID Bind a chat ID Either OpenID, UserID, Email, ChatID or UnionID should be present
BindOpenID Bind a user open ID
BindUserID Bind a user ID
BindUnionID Bind a union ID
BindEmail Bind a user email
BindReply Bind a reply ID Required when reply a message

Content functions pair with message content types. If it mismatched, it would not have sent successfully. Content functions:

Function Message Type Usage Comment
Text MsgText Append plain text May build with TextBuilder
Post MsgPost Append rich text May build with PostBuilder
Card MsgInteractive Append interactive card May build with [CardBuilder](card/README.md)
ShareChat MsgShareCard Append group share card
ShareUser MsgShareUser Append user share card
Image MsgImage Append image Required to upload to Lark server in advance
File MsgFile Append file Required to upload to Lark server in advance
Audio MsgAudio Append audio Required to upload to Lark server in advance
Media MsgMedia Append media Required to upload to Lark server in advance
Sticker MsgSticker Append sticker Required to upload to Lark server in advance

Error Handling

Each go-lark API function returns response and err. err is the error from HTTP client, when it was not nil, HTTP might have gone wrong.

While response is HTTP response from Lark API server, in which Code and Ok represent whether it succeeds. The meaning of Code is defined here.

Event

Lark provides a number of events and they are in two different schema (1.0/2.0). go-lark now only implements two of them in schema 1.0, which are needed for interacting between bot and Lark server:

  • URL Challenge
  • Receiving Messages

We recommend Gin middleware to handle these events.

Gin Middleware

Example: examples/gin-middleware

URL Challenge

r := gin.Default()
middleware := larkgin.NewLarkMiddleware()
middleware.BindURLPrefix("/handle") // supposed URL is http://your.domain.com/handle
r.Use(middleware.LarkChallengeHandler())

Event V2

Lark has provided event v2 and it applied automatically to newly created bots.

r := gin.Default()
middleware := larkgin.NewLarkMiddleware()
r.Use(middleware.LarkEventHandler())

Get the event (e.g. Message):

r.POST("/", func(c *gin.Context) {
    if evt, ok := middleware.GetEvent(c); ok { // => GetEvent instead of GetMessage
        if evt.Header.EventType == lark.EventTypeMessageReceived {
            if msg, err := evt.GetMessageReceived(); err == nil {
                fmt.Println(msg.Message.Content)
            }
        }
    }
})

Receiving Message

For older bots, please use v1:

r := gin.Default()
middleware := larkgin.NewLarkMiddleware()
middleware.BindURLPrefix("/handle") // supposed URL is http://your.domain.com/handle
r.POST("/handle", func(c *gin.Context) {
    if msg, ok := middleware.GetMessage(c); ok && msg != nil {
        text := msg.Event.Text
        // your awesome logic
    }
})

Security & Encryption

Lark Open Platform offers AES encryption and token verification to ensure security for events.

  • AES Encryption: when switch on, all traffic will be encrypted with AES.
  • Token Verification: simple token verification for incoming messages.

We recommend you to enable token verification. If HTTPS is not available on your host, then enable AES encryption.

middleware.WithTokenVerfication("<verification-token>")
middleware.WithEncryption("<encryption-key>")

Debugging

Lark does not provide messaging API debugger officially. Thus, we have to debug with real Lark conversation. We add PostEvent to simulate message sending to make it easier. PostEvent can also be used to redirect message, which acts like a reverse proxy.

Example: examples/event-forward

Notice: PostEvent does not support AES encryption at the moment.

Development

Test

  1. Dotenv Setup

go-lark uses godotenv test locally. You may have to create a .env file in repo directory, which contains environmental variables:

   LARK_APP_ID
   LARK_APP_SECRET
   LARK_USER_EMAIL
   LARK_USER_ID
   LARK_UNION_ID
   LARK_OPEN_ID
   LARK_CHAT_ID
   LARK_MESSAGE_ID

LARK_APP_ID and LARK_APP_SECRET are mandatory. Others are required only by specific API tests.

  1. Run Test
   GO_LARK_TEST_MODE=local ./scripts/test.sh

Extensions

go-lark's dev utilities (authentication, HTTP handling, and etc.) are capable for easily implementing most of APIs provided by Lark Open Platform. And we may use that as an extension for go-lark.

Here is an example that implementing a Lark Doc API with go-lark:

package lark

import "github.com/go-lark/lark"

const copyFileAPIPattern = "/open-apis/drive/explorer/v2/file/copy/files/%s"

// CopyFileResponse .
type CopyFileResponse struct {
    lark.BaseResponse

    Data CopyFileData `json:"data"`
}

// CopyFileData .
type CopyFileData struct {
    FolderToken string `json:"folderToken"`
    Revision    int64  `json:"revision"`
    Token       string `json:"token"`
    Type        string `json:"type"`
    URL         string `json:"url"`
}

// CopyFile implementation
func CopyFile(bot *lark.Bot, fileToken, dstFolderToken, dstName string) (*CopyFileResponse, error) {
    var respData model.CopyFileResponse
    err := bot.PostAPIRequest(
        "CopyFile",
        fmt.Sprintf(copyFileAPIPattern, fileToken),
        true,
        map[string]interface{}{
            "type":             "doc",
            "dstFolderToken":   dstFolderToken,
            "dstName":          dstName,
            "permissionNeeded": true,
            "CommentNeeded":    false,
        },
        &respData,
    )
    return &respData, err
}

FAQ

  • I got 99991401 when sending messages
    • remove IP Whitelist from dashboard
  • My bot failed sending messages
    1. check authentication.
    2. not invite to the group.
    3. API permission not applied.
  • Does go-lark support interactive message card?
    • Yes, use card builder.

Contributing

  • If you think you've found a bug with go-lark, please file an issue.
  • Pull Request is welcomed.

License

Copyright (c) David Zhang, 2018-2022. Licensed under MIT License.


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the go-lark README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.