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Programming language: Go
License: MIT License
Tags: Web Frameworks    
Latest version: v4.1.3

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README

coverage

WebGo v5.3.1

WebGo is a minimalistic framework for Go to build web applications (server side) with no 3rd party dependencies. WebGo will always be Go standard library compliant; with the HTTP handlers having the same signature as http.HandlerFunc.

Contents

  1. Router
  2. Handler chaining
  3. Middleware
  4. Error handling
  5. Helper functions
  6. HTTPS ready
  7. Graceful shutdown
  8. Logging
  9. Usage

Router

Webgo has a simplistic, regex based router and supports defining URIs with the following patterns

  1. /api/users - URI with no dynamic values
  2. /api/users/:userID
    • URI with a named parameter, userID
    • If TrailingSlash is set to true, it will accept the URI ending with a '/', refer to sample
  3. /api/users/:misc*
    • Named URI parameter misc, with a wildcard suffix '*'
    • This matches everything after /api/users. e.g. /api/users/a/b/c/d

When there are multiple handlers matching the same URI, only the first occurring handler will handle the request. Refer to the sample to see how routes are configured. You can access named parameters of the URI using the Context function.

Note: webgo Context is not available inside the special handlers (not found & method not implemented)

func helloWorld(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
    // WebGo context
    wctx := webgo.Context(r)
    // URI paramaters, map[string]string
    params := wctx.Params()
    // route, the webgo.Route which is executing this request
    route := wctx.Route
    webgo.R200(
        w,
        fmt.Sprintf(
            "Route name: '%s', params: '%s'", 
            route.Name,
            params, 
        ),
    )
}

Handler chaining

Handler chaining lets you execute multiple handlers for a given route. Execution of a chain can be configured to run even after a handler has written a response to the HTTP request, if you set FallThroughPostResponse to true (refer sample).

Middleware

WebGo middlware lets you wrap all the routes with a middleware unlike handler chaining. The router exposes a method Use && UseOnSpecialHandlers to add a Middleware to the router.

NotFound && NotImplemented are considered Special handlers. webgo.Context(r) within special handlers will return nil.

Any number of middleware can be added to the router, the order of execution of middleware would be LIFO (Last In First Out). i.e. in case of the following code

func main() {
    router.Use(accesslog.AccessLog, cors.CORS(nil))
    router.Use(<more middleware>)
}

CorsWrap would be executed first, followed by AccessLog.

Error handling

Webgo context has 2 methods to set & get erro within a request context. It enables Webgo to implement a single middleware where you can handle error returned within an HTTP handler. set error, get error.

Helper functions

WebGo provides a few helper functions. When using Send or SendResponse (other Rxxx responder functions), the response is wrapped in WebGo's response struct and is serialized as JSON.

{
    "data": "<any valid JSON payload>",
    "status": "<HTTP status code, of type integer>"
}

When using SendError, the response is wrapped in WebGo's error response struct and is serialzied as JSON.

{
    "errors": "<any valid JSON payload>",
    "status": "<HTTP status code, of type integer>"
}

HTTPS ready

HTTPS server can be started easily, by providing the key & cert file. You can also have both HTTP & HTTPS servers running side by side.

Start HTTPS server

cfg := &webgo.Config{
    Port: "80",
    HTTPSPort: "443",
    CertFile: "/path/to/certfile",
    KeyFile: "/path/to/keyfile",
}
router := webgo.NewRouter(cfg, routes())
router.StartHTTPS()

Starting both HTTP & HTTPS server

cfg := &webgo.Config{
    Port: "80",
    HTTPSPort: "443",
    CertFile: "/path/to/certfile",
    KeyFile: "/path/to/keyfile",
}

router := webgo.NewRouter(cfg, routes())
go router.StartHTTPS()
router.Start()

Graceful shutdown

Graceful shutdown lets you shutdown the server without affecting any live connections/clients connected to the server. Any new connection request after initiating a shutdown would be ignored.

Sample code to show how to use shutdown

func main() {
    osSig := make(chan os.Signal, 5)

    cfg := &webgo.Config{
        Host:            "",
        Port:            "8080",
        ReadTimeout:     15 * time.Second,
        WriteTimeout:    60 * time.Second,
        ShutdownTimeout: 15 * time.Second,
    }
    router := webgo.NewRouter(cfg, routes())

    go func() {
        <-osSig
        // Initiate HTTP server shutdown
        err := router.Shutdown()
        if err != nil {
            fmt.Println(err)
            os.Exit(1)
        } else {
            fmt.Println("shutdown complete")
            os.Exit(0)
        }

        // If you have HTTPS server running, you can use the following code
        // err := router.ShutdownHTTPS()
        // if err != nil {
        //  fmt.Println(err)
        //  os.Exit(1)
        // } else {
        //  fmt.Println("shutdown complete")
        //  os.Exit(0)
        // }
    }()

    signal.Notify(osSig, os.Interrupt, syscall.SIGTERM)

    router.Start()

    for {
        // Prevent main thread from exiting, and wait for shutdown to complete
        time.Sleep(time.Second * 1)
    }
}

Logging

WebGo exposes a singleton & global scoped logger variable LOGHANDLER with which you can plug in your custom logger by implementing the Logger interface.

Configuring the default Logger

The default logger uses Go standard library's log.Logger with os.Stdout (for debug and info logs) & os.Stderr (for warning, error, fatal) as default io.Writers. You can set the io.Writer as well as disable specific types of logs using the GlobalLoggerConfig(stdout, stderr, cfgs...) function.

Usage

A fully functional sample is provided here.

Benchmark

  1. the-benchmarker
  2. go-web-framework-benchmark

Contributing

Refer here to find out details about making a contribution

Credits

Thanks to all the contributors

The gopher

The gopher used here was created using Gopherize.me. WebGo stays out of developers' way, so sitback and enjoy a cup of coffee.